Today in history 5/8/2016-5/14/2016

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5/8/2016:

Today in history, The United States Post Office is established in 1794.

Today in history, Atlanta pharmacist John Pemberton (see picture below) invents Coca Cola in 1886.

Today in history, The Battle of the Coral Sea between the Japanese Navy and the U.S. Navy ends in 1942.

Today in historyPresident Dwight Eisenhower orders the National Guard out of Little Rock as Ernest Green becomes the first black to graduate from an Arkansas public school in 1958.

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5/9/2016:

Today in history, The first newspaper cartoon in America appears in 1754.

Today in history, Explorers Richard Byrd and Floyd Bennett make the first flight over the North Pole in 1926.

Today in history, The German submarine U-110 is captured at sea along with its Enigma machine (see picture below) by the Royal Navy in 1941.

Today in history, A laser beam is successfully bounced off the moon for the first time in 1962.

Today in history, The House Judiciary Committee begins formal hearings on Nixon impeachment in 1974.

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5/10/2016: 

Today in history, Christopher Columbus discovers the Cayman Islands in 1503.

Today in history, Napoleon Bonaparte wins a brilliant victory against the Austrians at Lodi bridge in Italy in 1796.

Today in historyWinston Churchill succeeds Neville Chamberlain as British Prime Minister in 1940.

Today in history, Nelson Mandela (see picture below) is sworn in as South Africa’s first black president in 1994.

Mandela is sworn into office as president by South African Chief Justice Michael Corbett in Pretoria.

Mandela is sworn into office as president by South African Chief Justice Michael Corbett in Pretoria.

5/11/2016:

Today in history, Minnesota is admitted as the 32nd U.S. state in 1858.

Today in history, Israeli soldiers capture Adolf Eichmann in Buenos Aires in 1960.

5/12/2016:

Today in history, The last land battle of the Civil war occurs at Palmito Ranch, Texas. It is a Confederate victory in 1865.

Today in history, The Airship Norge (see picture below) becomes the first vessel to fly over the North Pole in 1926.

Today in history, Alcoholics Anonymous is founded in Akron, Ohio by “Bill W.,” a stockbroker, and “Dr. Bob S.,” a heart surgeon in 1935.

Today in history, The Soviet Army launches its first major offensive of the war, taking Kharkov in the eastern Ukraine in 1942.

Today in history, The Nazi conquest of France begins with the crossing Muese River in 1940.

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5/13/2016:

Today in history, English colonists land near the James River in Virginia in 1607.

Today in history, The Battle of Resaca commences as Union General William T. Sherman fights towards Atlanta in 1864.

Today in history, Allied forces in Italy break through the German Gustav Line into the Liri Valley in 1944.

5/14/2016:

Today in history, Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion (see picture below) establishes the State of Israel in 1948.

Today in history, “Stars and Stripes Forever” by John Phillip Sousa is performed for the first time in Philadelphia in 1897.

Today in history, English physician Edward Jenner (see picture below) gives the first successful smallpox vaccination in 1796.

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(c) Wellcome Library; Supplied by The Public Catalogue Foundation

(c) Wellcome Library; Supplied by The Public Catalogue Foundation

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