Today in history, The Republican National Convention, the first major political party convention to include blacks, commences in 1872.
Today in history, Secretary of State George C. Marshall outlines “The Marshall Plan,” a program intended to assist European nations, including former enemies, to rebuild their economies in 1947.
Today in history, Doris A. Davis (see picture below) becomes the first African-American woman to govern a city in a major metropolitan area when she is elected mayor of Compton, California in 1973.
Today in history, Frozen foods are sold commercially for the first time in 1930.
Today in history, Professor Pierre Curie (see picture below) reveals the discovery of Polonium in 1903.
Today in history, Israeli F-16 fighter-bombers destroy Iraq’s only nuclear reactor in 1981.
Today in history, At the Battle of Brandy Station in Virginia, Union and Confederate cavalries clash in the largest cavalry battle of the Civil War in 1863.
Today in history, Japanese Premier Kantaro Suzuki declares that Japan will fight to the last rather than accept unconditional surrender in 1945.
Today in history, NASA publishes a report on the Challenger accident in 1986.
Today in history, Tripoli declares war on the U.S. for refusing to pay tribute in 1801.
Today in history, Dorothea Dix is appointed superintendent of female nurses for the Union army in 1861.
Today in history, The news that the sound barrier has been broken is finally released to the public by the U.S. Air Force. Chuck Yeager (see picture below), piloting the rocket airplane X-1, exceeded the speed of sound on October 14, 1947.
Today in history, William Beebe, of the New York Zoological Society, dives to a record-setting depth of 1,426 feet off the coast of Bermuda, in a diving chamber called a bathysphere in 1930.