Today in history 7/3/2016-7/9/2016

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7/3/2016:

Today in history, George Washington takes command of the Continental Army in 1775.

Today in historyConfederate forces attack the center of the Union line at Gettysburg, but fail to break it in 1863.

Today in historyThe Wild Bunch (see picture below), led by Butch Cassidy, commits its last American robbery near Wagner, Montana, taking $65,000 from a Great Northern train in 1901.

Today in historyJackie Robinson becomes the first African American to be inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962.

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7/4/2016:

Today in history, The amended Declaration of Independence, prepared by Thomas Jefferson, is approved and signed by John Hancock–President of the Continental Congress–and Charles Thomson, Congress secretary. The state of New York abstains from signing in 1776.

Today in history, The poem America the Beautiful is first published in 1895.

Today in history, Boxer Joe Louis (see picture below) wins his first professional fight in 1934.

Today in history, The 50-star flag makes its debut in Philadelphia in 1960.

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7/5/2016:

Today in history, The Declaration of Independence is first printed by John Dunlop in Philadelphia in 1776.

Today in history, Andrew Beard is issued a patent for the rotary engine in 1892.

Today in history, The Battle of Kursk (see picture below), the largest tank battle in history, begins in 1943.

Today in history, American forces engage the North Koreans for the first time at Osan, South Korea in 1950.

Battle of Kursk tanks

7/6/2016:

Today in history, Jacques Cartier returns to France after discovering the St. Lawrence River in Canada in 1536.

Today in historyJohn Marshall, the third chief justice of the Supreme Court, dies at the age of 79. Two days later, while tolling in his honor in Philadelphia, the Liberty Bell cracks in 1835.

Today in history, The Republican Party is officially organized in Jackson, Michigan in 1854.

Today in history, Louis Pasteur (see picture below) gives the first successful anti-rabies inoculation in 1885.

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7/7/2016:

Today in history, Thomas Paine defends the principal of universal suffrage at the Constitutional Convention in Paris in 1795.

Today in history, Japan opens its ports to trade with the West after 250 years of isolation in 1853.

Today in history, Christopher Stone (see picture below) becomes the first British ‘disc jockey’ when he plays records for the BBC in 1927.

Today in historySandra Day O’Connor becomes the first woman to serve on the Supreme Court in 1981.

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7/8/2016:

Today in history, The British crown grants Rhode Island a charter guaranteeing freedom of worship in 1663.

Today in history, Peter the Great (see picture below)  defeats Charles XII at Poltava, in the Ukraine, effectively ending the Swedish empire in 1709.

Today in history, The mutinous crew of the battleship Potemkin surrenders to Rumanian authorities in 1905.

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7/9/2016:

Today in history, Avitus, the Roman military commander in Gaul, becomes Emperor of the West in 455.

Today in history, The Commonwealth of Australia is established by an act of British Parliament, uniting the separate colonies under a federal government in 1900.

Today in history, Anne Frank (see picture below) and her family go into hiding in the attic above her father’s office in an Amsterdam warehouse in 1942.

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