Today in history, In support of the American Revolution, Louis XVI declares war on England in 1778.
Today in history, Dr. Daniel Hale Williams (see picture below) performs the first successful open-heart surgery, without anesthesia in 1893.
Today in history, Coca-Cola Co. announces it will resume selling “old formula Coke,” following public outcry and falling sales of its “new Coke” in 1985.
Today in history, An army of French knights, led by the Count of Artois, is routed by Flemish pikemen in 1302.
Today in history, Archaeologists unearth an army of 8,000 life-size clay figures (see picture below) created more than 2,000 years ago for the Emperor Qin Shi Huangd in 1975.
Today in history, Ottoman armies capture Tabriz in northwestern Persia in 1534.
Today in history, Congress, under the Articles of Confederation, enacts the Northwest Ordinance, establishing rules for governing the Northwest Territory, for admitting new states to the Union and limiting the expansion of slavery in 1787.
Today in history, Frank Sinatra (see picture below) records his first song, “From the Bottom of my Heart,” with the Harry James Band in 1939.
Today in history, Joan of Arc (see picture below), taken prisoner by the Burgundians in May, is handed over to Pierre Cauchon, the bishop of Beauvais in 1430.
Today in history, The George Washington Carver National Monument in Joplin, Missouri becomes the first national park honoring an African American in 1951.
Today in history, The United States sends 600 more troops to Vietnam in 1964
Today in history, Poles and Lithuanians defeat the Teutonic knights at Tannenberg, Prussia in 1410.
Today in history, John F. Kennedy (see picture below) accepts the Democratic nomination for president in 1960.
Today in history, Czar Nicholas and his family are murdered by Bolsheviks at Ekaterinburg, Russia in 1918.
Today in history, Apollo 11 (see picture below) blasts off from Cape Kennedy, Florida, heading for a landing on the moon in 1969.