Today in history, Lt. Col. Oliver North and Rear Adm. John Poindexter begin testifying to Congress regarding the Iran-Contra scandal.
Today in history, Chinese communists attack the Nationalist army on the Yangtze River in 1946.
Today in history, Inventor Thomas Edison (see picture below) records the human voice for the first time in 1877.
Today in history, The Rosetta Stone (see picture below), a tablet with hieroglyphic translations into Greek, is found in Egypt in 1799.
Today in history, The U.S. Army Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) begins its first training class at Fort Des Moines, Iowa in 1942.
Today in history, In the first major battle of the Civil War, Confederate forces defeat the Union Army along Bull Run near Manassas Junction, Virginia. The battle becomes known as Manassas by the Confederates, while the Union calls it Bull Run in 1861.
Today in history, Mary Church Terrell (see picture below) founds the National Association of Colored Women in Washington, D.C in 1896.
Today in history, Thomas Jefferson (see picture below) becomes the first head of the U.S. Department of Foreign Affairs in 1789.
Today in history, The first automobile race takes place between Paris and Rouen, France in 1894.
Today in history, The 14th Amendment is ratified, granting citizenship to African Americans in 1868.
Today in history, William Booth (see picture below) founds the Salvation Army in 1865.
Today in history, Two astronomers, Alan Hale in New Mexico and Thomas Bopp in Arizona, almost simultaneously discover a comet in 1995.
Today in history, William A. Burt patents his “typographer,” an early typewriter in 1829.