Today in history 8/7/2016-8/13/2016

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8/7/2016:

Today in history, General George Washington authorizes the award of the Purple Heart (see picture below) for soldiers wounded in combat in 1782.

Today in history, Japan defeats the United States to win the Olympic Gold in baseball in 1984.

Today in history, Operation Desert Shield begins as US troops deploy to Saudi Arabia to discourage Iraq’s Saddam Hussein from invading that country as he had Kuwait in 1990.

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8/8/2016:

Today in history, Thomas Edison patents the mimeograph in 1876.

Today in history, The first household refrigerating machine is patented in 1899.

Today in history, U.S. Marines capture the Japanese airstrip on Guadalcanal in 1942.

Today in history, England’s “Great Train Robbery” (see picture below); 2.6 million pounds ($7.3 million) is stolen in 1963.

Today in history, President Richard Nixon resigns from the presidency as a result of the Watergate scandal in 1974.

Today in history, Pioneer-Venus 2 launched to probe the atmosphere of Venus in 1978.

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8/9/2016:

Today in history, The Persian army defeats Leonidas and his Spartan army at the Battle Thermopylae, Persia in 480 BC.

Today in history, First appearance of the animated character Betty Boop (“Dizzy Dishes”) (see picture below) in 1930.

Today in history, Fictional character Smokey Bear (“Only you can prevent forest fires”) created by US Forest Service and the Ad Council in 1944.

Today in history, The B-29 bomber Bock’s Car drops a second atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Japan in 1945.

Today in history, The Diet of Japan establishes the country’s official national flag, the Hinomaru, and national anthem, “Kimi Ga Yo.” in 1999.

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8/10/2016:

Today in history, William Driver of Salem, Massachusetts, is the first to use the term “Old Glory” in connection with the American flag, when he gives that name to a large flag aboard his ship, the Charles Daggett in 1831.

Today in history, The Smithsonian Institution (see picture below) is established in Washington through the bequest of James Smithson in 1846.

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8/11/2016:

Today in history, In France, Eugene Lauste receives the first patent for a talking film in 1906.

Today in history, Babe Ruth hits his 500th major league home run against the Cleveland Indians in 1929.

Today in history, Carl Lewis (see picture below) wins four Olympic gold medals, tying the record Jesse Owens (set in 1936) in 1984.

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8/12/2016:

Today in history, The home of Frederick Douglass in Washington, D.C. is dedicated as a memorial in 1922.

Today in history, Computer giant IBM introduces its first personal computer (see picture below) in 1981.

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8/13/2016:

Today in history, The first African-American nursing school opens at Spelman College (see picture below) in Atlanta, Georgia in 1881.

Today in history, The first coin-operated telephone is patented by William Gray in 1889.

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