Today in history, The first book ever printed is published by a German astrologer named Faust. He is thrown in jail while trying to sell books in Paris. Authorities concluded that all the identical books meant Faust had dealt with the devil in 1457.
Today in history, The European allies enter Beijing, relieving their besieged legations from the Chinese Boxers in 1900.
Today in history, Mark McGwire (see picture below) hits his 49th home run of the season, setting the major league home run record for a rookie in 1987.
Today in history, The first ballot voting in England is conducted in 1872.
Today in history, The Panama Canal opens to traffic in 1914.
Today in history, Over 400,000 young people attend a weekend of rock music at Woodstock, New York (see picture below) in 1969.
Today in history, U.S. President James Buchanan and Britain’s Queen Victoria exchange messages inaugurating the first transatlantic telegraph line in 1858.
Today in history, Gold is discovered in the Klondike of Canada’s Yukon Territory, setting off the Klondike Gold Rush in 1896.
Today in history, The astrological alignment of the sun, moon and six planets marks what believers maintain is the dawning of a New Age in 1987.
Today in history, Napoleon Bonaparte‘s army defeats the Russians at the Battle of Smolensk (see picture below) during the Russian retreat to Moscow in 1812.
Today in history, Allied forces complete the conquest of Sicily in 1943.
Today in history, In the Roanoke Island colony, Ellinor and Ananias Dare become parents of a baby girl whom they name Virginia, the first English child born in what would become the United States in 1587.
Today in history, John White, the leader of 117 colonists sent in 1587 to Roanoke Island (North Carolina) to establish a colony, returns from a trip to England to find the settlement deserted (see picture below). No trace of the settlers is ever found in 1590.
Today in history, Adolph Ochs takes over the New York Times, saying his aim is to give “the news, all the news, in concise and attractive form, in language that is permissible in good society, and give it early, if not earlier, than it can be learned through any other medium” in 1898.
Today in history, Edith Sampson (see picture below) becomes the first African-American representative to the United Nations in 1950.
Today in history, The first balloon flight to exceed 100,000 feet takes off from Crosby, Minnesota in 1957.
Today in history, Communist hard-liners place President Mikhail Gorbachev under house arrest in an attempted coup that failed two days later in 1991.
Today in history, John Milton publishes Paradise Lost (see picture below), an epic poem about the fall of Adam and Eve in 1667.
Today in history, Radar is used for the first time, by the British during the Battle of Britain. Also on this day, in a radio broadcast, Winston Churchill makes his famous homage to the Royal Air Force: “Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few” in 1940.
Today in history, US Vice President Gerald Ford, who had replaced Spiro Agnew, assumes the Office of the President after Richard Nixon resigns; Ford names Nelson Rockefeller as VP in 1974.
Today in history, Secret negotiations in Norway lead to agreement on the Oslo Peace Accords, an attempt to resolve the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian conflict in 1993.