Today in history, The warrior Yoritomo is made Shogun without equal in Japan in 1129.
Today in history, France surrenders the island of Corsica to the British in 1794.
Today in history, The first of a series of debates begins between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas (see picture below). Douglas goes on to win the Senate seat in November, but Lincoln gains national visibility for the first time in 1858.
Today in history, Hawaii is admitted into the Union in 1959.
Today in history, Mary Langdon in Battle, East Sussex, becomes Britain’s first firewoman in 1976.
Today in history, Tiger Woods wins golf’s PGA Championship, the first golfer to win 3 majors in a calendar year since Ben Hogan in 1953 in 2000.
Today in history, The Mona Lisa (see picture below), the famous painting by Leonardo da Vinci, is stolen from the Louvre in Paris, where it had hung for more than 100 years in 1911. It is recovered in 1913.
Today in history, OAS (Secret Army Organization) gunmen unsuccessfully attempt to assassinate French president Charles de Gaulle; the incident inspires Frederick Forsyth’s novel, The Day of the Jackal in 1962.
Today in history, Art heist: a version of The Scream and Madonna, two paintings by Edvard Munch, are stolen at gunpoint from a museum in Oslo, Norway in 2005.
Today in history, Most runs scored by any team in modern MLB history as the Texas Rangers thump the Baltimore Orioles 30-3 in 2007.
Today in history, Joseph Stalin and German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop sign a non-aggression pact between the Soviet Union and Germany, freeing Adolf Hitler to invade Poland and Stalin to invade Finland in 1939.
Today in history, Lunar Orbiter 1 takes first photograph of Earth from the moon in 1966.
Today in history, East and West Germany announce they will unite on Oct 3 in 1990.
Today in history, A 5.8 earthquake centered at Mineral, Virginia, damages the Washington Monument, forcing the landmark to close for repairs in 2011.
Today in history, German barbarians sack Rome in 410.
Today in history, British troops under General Robert Ross capture Washington, D.C., which they set on fire in retaliation for the American burning of the parliament building in York (Toronto), the capital of Upper Canada in 1814.
Today in history, Cornelius Swarthout of Troy, New York, patents the waffle iron in 1869.
Today in history, Thomas Edison files a patent for the motion picture camera in 1891.
Today in history, Hurricane Andrew makes landfall in Florida. The Category 5 storm, which had already caused extensive damage in the Bahamas, caused $26.5 billion in US damages, caused 65 deaths, and felled 70,000 acres of trees in the Everglades in 1992.
Today in history, Pluto is downgraded to a dwarf planet when the International Astronomical Union (IAU) redefines “planet” in 2006.
Today in history, In protest over the stamp tax, American colonists sack and burn the home of Massachusetts governor Thomas Hutchinson in 1765.
Today in history, The first parachute wedding ceremony is performed by Rev. Homer Tomlinson at the New York City World’s Fair for Arno Rudolphi and Ann Hayward. The minister, bride and groom, best man, maid of honor and four musicians were all suspended from parachutes in 1940.
Today in history, A nationwide Women’s Strike for Equality, led by Betty Friedan on the 50th anniversary of the passage of the 19th Amendment calls attention to unequal pay and other gender inequalities in America in 1970.
Today in history, Thomas Edison demonstrates the first “talking” pictures–using a phonograph–in his New Jersey laboratory in 1910.
Today in history, The Rainbow Bridge (see picture below), a 1,870-foot suspension bridge over Tokyo Bay, completed in 1993.