Today in history, The Treaty of Karlowitz ends the war between Austria and the Turks in 1699.
Today in history, A fleet of ships carrying convicts from England lands at Sydney Cove in Australia. The day is since known as Australia’s national day in 1788.
Today in history, Petrograd is renamed Leningrad in 1924.
Today in history, An American Expeditionary Force lands in Northern Ireland in 1942.
Today in history, Condoleezza Rice (see picture below) is appointed to the post of secretary of state. The post makes her the highest ranking African-American woman ever to serve in a U.S. presidential cabinet in 2005.