Today in history, Lady Jane Grey (see picture below), the Queen of England for thirteen days, is beheaded on Tower Hill. She was barely 17 years old in 1554.
Today in history, Alexander Selkirk (see picture below), the Scottish seaman whose adventures inspired the creation of Daniel Dafoe’s Robinson Crusoe, is taken off Juan Fernandez Island after more than four years of living there alone in 1709.
Today in history, Chile gains independence from Spain in 1818.
Today in history, The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is formed in 1909.
Today in history, China becomes a republic following the overthrow of the Manchu dynasty in 1912.
Today in history, George Gershwin’s groundbreaking symphonic jazz composition Rhapsody in Blue premieres with Gershwin (see picture below) himself playing the piano with Paul Whiteman’s orchestra in 1924.
Today in history, Japan makes its first television broadcast–a baseball game in 1931.
Today in history, The Lake Placid Winter Olympics open in New York in 1980.