Today in history, U.S. Navy lieutenant Steven Decatur (see picture below) leads a small group of sailors into Tripoli harbor and burns the USS Philadelphia, captured earlier by Barbary pirates in 1804.
Today in history, Bessie Smith (see picture below) makes her first recording “Down Hearted Blues” in 1923.
Today in history, Dupont patents a new thread, nylon, which will replace silk in a number of products and reduce costs in 1937.
Today in history, A U.S. flag flies over an outpost in Wilkes Land, Antarctica in 1957.
Today in history, China and Japan sign a $20 billion trade pact, which is the most important move since the 1972 resumption of diplomatic ties in 1978.