Today in history, Pepin the Short of Gaul dies. His dominions are divided between his sons Charles (Charlemagne) and Carloman in 786.
Today in history, In the first of the Franco-Habsburg Wars, the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V captures the French king Francis I at the Battle of Pavia, Italy in 1525.
Today in history, Chief Justice John Marshall (see picture below), by refusing to rule on the case of Marbury vs. Madison, asserts the authority of the judicial branch in 1803.
Today in history, A film version of Jules Verne’s 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea opens in New York in 1916.
Today in history, The New Gallery of New York exhibits works of Archibald Motley Jr. (see picture below), its first show to feature a black artist in 1928.
Today in history, General Norman Schwarzkopf (see picture below), commander of the coalition army, sends in ground forces during the Gulf War in 1991.