Today in history, Americans begin shelling British troops in Boston in 1776.
Today in history, Maryland ratifies the Articles of Confederation. It is the last state to sign in 1781.
Today in history, To put an end to robberies by the Barbary pirates, the United States declares war on Algiers in 1815.
Today in history, Texas declares independence from Mexico on Sam Houston’s 43rd birthday in 1836.
Today in history, The Territory of Washington is organized in 1853.
Today in history, Rutherford B. Hayes (see picture below) is declared president by one vote the day before the inauguration in 1877.
Today in history, Gabriel Lippmann (see picture below) introduces the new three-dimensional color photography process at the Academy of Sciences in 1908.
Today in history, Congress passes the Jones Act making Puerto Rico a territory of the United States and makes its inhabitants U.S. citizens in 1917.
Today in history, MacArthur raises the U.S. flag on Corregidor in the Philippines in 1945.
Today in history, Claudette Colvin (see picture below) refuses to give up her seat in Montgomery, Alabama, nine months before Rosa Parks‘ famous arrest for the same offense in 1955.
Today in history, Czech pilot Vladimir Remek (see picture below) becomes the first non-Russian, non-American in space in 1978.