Today in history, Congress passes a resolution authorizing the U.S. Mint in 1791; legislation creating the mint will be passed on Apr. 2, 1792.
Today in history, The first impeachment trial of a U.S. judge, John Pickering, begins in 1803.
Today in history, Florida becomes the 27th U.S. state in 1845.
Today in history, Rutherford B. Hayes, the republican governor of Ohio, is elected president; his election is confirmed by an electoral commission after a disputed election the previous November in 1877.
Today in history, The first issue of Time magazine is published. Its editor, Henry R. Luce (see picture below), is just out of Yale in 1923.
Today in history, Japan discloses its first defense plan since World War II in 1973.