Today in history, Qalawun, the Sultan of Egypt, captures Tripoli in 1289.
Today in history, Louis XIII appoints Cardinal Richelieu (see picture below) chief minister of the Royal Council of France in 1624.
Today in history, The Chinese Ming dynasty occupies Taiwan in 1661.
Today in history, Rubber is patented in 1813.
Today in history, The first edition of Peter Roget’s Thesaurus is published in 1852.
Today in history, The film All Quiet on the Western Front (see picture below), based on Erich Maria Remarque’s novel Im Western Nichts Neues, premiers in 1930.
Today in history, As World War II draws to a close, Adolf Hitler marries longtime partner Eva Braun in a Berlin bunker and designates Admiral Karl Dönitz as his successor. Both Hitler and Braun will commit suicide the following day in 1945.
Today in history, Former Japanese leaders are indicted in Tokyo as war criminals in 1946.
Today in history, Harold Washington (see picture below) is sworn in as Chicago’s first black mayor in 1983.