Today in history, The Spanish Armada sets sail from Lisbon, Portugal in 1588.
Today in history, Cardinal Richelieu (see picture below) of France intervenes in the great conflict in Europe by declaring war on the Hapsburgs in Spain in 1635.
Today in history, Near total darkness descends on New England at noon. No explanation is found in 1780.
Today in history, Mexico ratifies the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which ends the Mexican-American War. Under the treaty Mexico agrees to cede California, most of Arizona and New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, and parts of Wyoming and Colorado, with the Rio Grande River becoming the boundary of Texas. In return the United States agrees to pay Mexico $15 million in 1848.
Today in history, The National Football League adopts an annual college draft to begin in 1936.
Today in history, U.S. diplomats find at least 40 microphones planted in the American embassy in Moscow in 1964.