Today in history, The Thirty Years War begins in 1618.
Today in history, Captain William Kidd, the Scottish pirate, is hanged on the banks of the Thames in 1701.
Today in history, South Carolina becomes the eighth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution in 1788.
Today in history, Civil War hero Sgt. William H. Carney (see picture below) becomes the first African American to receive the Medal of Honor, thirty-seven years after the Battle of Fort Wagner in 1900.