Today in history, Charles IV of Luxembourg is elected Holy Roman Emperor in 1346.
Today in history, Captain James Cook runs aground on the Great Barrier Reef in 1770.
Today in history, Napoleon Bonaparte takes the island of Malta in 1798.
Today in history, Major General Henry W. Halleck (see picture below) finds documents and archives of the Confederate government in Richmond, Virginia. This discovery will lead to the publication of the official war records in 1865.
Today in history, Charles Lindbergh, a captain in the US Army Air Corps Reserve, receives the first Distinguished Flying Cross ever awarded, for his solo trans-Atlantic flight in 1927.
Today in history, Margaret Thatcher (see picture below) wins her third consecutive term as Prime Minister in 1987.