Today in history, Charles the Bald and Louis the German defeat Lothar at Fontenay in 841.
Today in history, Aurangzeb proclaims himself emperor of the Moghuls in India in 1658.
Today in history, Gustave Flaubert (see picture below) goes on trial for public immorality regarding his novel, Madame Bovary in 1857.
Today in history, The U.S. Congress enacts legislation granting an eight-hour day to workers employed by the federal government in 1868.
Today in history, Samuel Gompers is elected head of the American Federation of Labor for the 40th time in 1921.