Today in history, The Spanish explorer Hernan Cortes is driven from Tenochtitlan and retreats to Tlaxcala in 1520.
Today in history, The Catholic states in Germany set up a league under the leadership of Maximilian of Bavaria in 1609.
Today in history, In support of the American Revolution, Louis XVI declares war on England in 1778.
Today in history, Dr. Daniel Hale Williams (see picture below) performs the first successful open-heart surgery, without the benefit of penicillin or blood transfusion in 1893.
Today in history, The satellite Telstar is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, beaming live television from Europe to the United States in 1962.
Today in history, “(I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction” becomes the Rolling Stones’ first No. 1 single in the USA in 1965.
Today in history, Singer Bobbie Gentry records “Ode to Billie Joe,” which will become a country music classic and win 4 Grammys in 1967.
Today in history, Coca-Cola Co. announces it will resume selling “old formula Coke,” following a public outcry and falling sales of its “new Coke” in 1985.