Today in history, English Prime Minister Lord Grenville (see picture below) resigns and is replaced by Lord Rockingham in 1765.
Today in history, Russia and the Ottoman Empire sign the Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainardji, ending their six-year war in 1774.
Today in history, The new French constitution is finalized in 1875.
Today in history, The United States detonates the first atomic bomb in a test at Alamogordo, N. M. in 1945.
Today in history, Apollo 11 (see picture below) blasts off from Cape Kennedy, Florida, heading for a landing on the moon in 1969.