Today in history, Henry IV defeats the Percys in the Battle of Shrewsbury in England in 1403.
Today in history, The Peace of Breda ends the Second Anglo-Dutch War and cedes Dutch New Amsterdam to the English in 1667.
Today in history, Russia and Turkey sign the Treaty of Pruth, ending the year-long Russo-Turkish War in 1711.
Today in history, In the first major battle of the Civil War, Confederate forces defeat the Union Army along Bull Run near Manassas Junction, Virginia. The battle becomes known as Manassas by the Confederates, while the Union calls it Bull Run in 1861.
Today in history, Mary Church Terrell (see picture below) founds the National Association of Colored Women in Washington, D.C. in 1896.
Today in history, Sirimavo Bandaranaike (see picture below) becomes the first woman prime minister of Ceylon in 1960.