Today in history 2/27/2020

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Today in history, Theodosius effectively founds a university (see picture below) in Constantinople in 425.

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Today in history, German Protestants form the League of Schmalkalden to resist the power of the emperor in 1531.

Today in history, The first Mardi-Gras celebration is held in New Orleans in 1827.

Today in history, The Japanese push the Russians back in Manchuria and cross the Sha River in 1905.

Today in history, The forty-sixth star is added to the U.S. flag, signifying Oklahoma’s admission to statehood in 1908.

Today in history, Glacier Bay National Monument is dedicated in Alaska in 1925.

Today in history, The Supreme Court outlaws sit-down strikes in 1939.

Today in history, The U.S. Supreme Court rules that a Virginia pool club can’t bar customers because of color in 1973.

Today in history, Debi Thomas (see picture below) becomes the first African-American to win a medal at the Winter Olympics in 1988.

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Today in history, Coalition forces liberate Kuwait after seven months of occupation by the Iraqi army in 1991.

Today in history 2/26/2020

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Today in history, On the death of Jovian, a conference at Nicaea chooses Valentinan, an army officer who was born in the central European region of Pannania, to succeed him in Asia Minor in 364.

Today in history, William the Bad succeeds his father, Roger the II, in Sicily in 1154.

Today in historyNapoleon and 1,200 of his men leave Elba to start the 100-day re-conquest of France in 1815.

Today in history, Karl Marx and Frederick Engels publish The Communist Manifesto in London in 1848.

Today in history, Russian aviator Igor Sikorsky carries 17 passengers in a twin engine plane in St. Petersburg in 1914.

Today in history, Ground is broken for the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco in 1933.

Today in history, Japanese military troops march into Tokyo to conduct a coup and assassinate political leaders in 1936.

Today in history, The 22nd Amendment is added to the Constitution limiting the Presidency to two terms in 1951.

Today in history, Soviets recover Luna 20 with a cargo of moon rocks in 1972.

Today in history 2/25/2020

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Today in history, The British surrender the Illinois country to George Rogers Clark at Vincennes in 1779.

Today in history, American General Nathaniel Greene crosses the Dan River on his way to attack Cornwallis in 1781.

Today in history, President George Washington signs a bill creating the Bank of the United States in 1791.

Today in historyThomas Jefferson is nominated for president at the Democratic-Republican caucus in 1804.

Today in history, The Polish army halts the Russian advance into their country at the Battle of Grochow in 1831.

Today in history, J.M. Synge’s (see picture below) play Riders to the Sea opens in Dublin in 1904

Today in history, Bell Labs introduces a new device to end the fluttering of the television image in 1928.

Today in historyU.S. troops retake the Kasserine Pass in Tunisia, where they had been defeated five days before in 1943.

Today in history, Stalin is secretly disavowed by Khrushchev at a party congress for promoting the “cult of the individual” in 1956

Today in history 2/24/2020

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Today in history, Pepin the Short of Gaul dies. His dominions are divided between his sons Charles (Charlemagne) and Carloman in 786.

Today in history, In the first of the Franco-Habsburg Wars, the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V captures the French king Francis I at the Battle of Pavia, Italy in 1525.

Today in history, Chief Justice John Marshall, by refusing to rule on the case of Marbury vs. Madison, asserts the authority of the judicial branch in 1803.

Today in history, Mexico gains independence from Spain in 1821.

Today in history, Some 3,000 Mexicans launch an assault on the Alamo and its 182 Texan defenders in 1836

Today in history, A film version of Jules Verne’s 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea opens in New York in 1916.

Today in history, The New Gallery of New York exhibits works of Archibald Motley Jr., its first show to feature a black artist in 1928.

Today in history, General Norman Schwarzkopf, commander of the coalition army, sends in ground forces during the Gulf War in 1991.

Today in history 2/23/2020

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Today in history, Spanish explorer Francisco Vasquez de Coronado begins his unsuccessful search for the fabled Seven Cities of Gold in the American Southwest in 1540.

Today in history, The 5th War of Religion breaks out in France in 1574.

Today in history, The Liberty Bell tolls for the last time, to mark George Washington’s birthday in 1846.

Today in history, Forces led by Zachary Taylor defeat the Mexicans at the Battle of Buena Vista in 1847.

Today in history, Writer Emile Zola is imprisoned in France for his letter J’accuse in which he accuses the French government of anti-semitism and the wrongful imprisonment of army captain Alfred Dreyfus in 1898.

Today in history, U.S. Marines plant an American flag atop Mount Suribachi on Iwo Jima in 1945.

Today in history, New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art exhibits a collection of Hapsburg art; the first showing of this collection in the United States in 1950.

Today in history, Whites join Black students in a sit-in at a Winston-Salem, N.C. Woolworth store in 1960.

Today in history, French forces unofficially start the Persian Gulf ground war by crossing the Saudi-Iraqi border in 1991.