Today in history 9/22/2017

WordleCh1-509/22/2017:

Today in history, Russian forces under Aleksandr Suvorov drive the Turkish army under Yusuf Pasha from the Rymnik River, upsetting the Turkish invasion of Russia in 1789.

Today in historyPresident Abraham Lincoln issues a proclamation calling for all slaves within the rebel states to be freed on January 1, a political move that helps keep the British from intervening on the side of the South in 1862.

Today in historyUnion General Philip Sheridan defeats Confederate General Jubal Early‘s troops at the Battle of Fisher’s Hill (see picture below) in Virginia in 1864.

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Today in history, The Cincinnati Red Stockings, the first professional baseball team, arrive in San Francisco after a rollicking, barnstorming tour of the West in 1869.

Today in history, Xavier University, the first African-American Catholic college, opens in New Orleans, Louisiana in 1915.

Today in history, Willie Mays (see picture below) of the San Francisco Giants becomes the first baseball player since Babe Ruth to hit 600 home runs in 1969.

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Today in history, Huntington Library makes the Dead Sea Scrolls available to the public for the first time in 1991.

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Today in history 9/21/2017

WordleCh1-509/21/2017:

Today in history, Edward II of England is murdered by order of his wife in 1327.

Today in history, James Needham returns to Virginia after exploring the land to the west, which would become Tennessee in 1673.

Today in historyUnion troops defeated at Chickamauga seek refuge in Chattanooga, Tennessee, which is then besieged by Confederate troops in 1863.

Today in historyStonehenge is sold by auction for 6,600 pounds sterling ($11,500) to a Mr. Chubb, who buys it as a present for his wife in 1915. He presents it to the British nation three years later.

Today in history, The women’s airspeed record is set at 292 mph by American pilot Jacqueline Cochran (see picture below) in 1937.

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Today in history, J.R.R. Tolkien’s fantasy novel The Hobbit (see picture below) is published in 1937.

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Today in history, General Colin Powell (see picture below) is confirmed by the U.S. Senate as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in 1989.

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Today in history, The Galileo space mission ends as the probe is sent into Jupiter’s atmosphere where it is crushed in 2003.

Today in history 9/20/2017

WordleCh1-509/20/2017:

Today in history, Themistocles and his Greek fleet win one of history’s first decisive naval victories over Xerxes‘ Persian force off Salamis in 480 BC.

Today in history, Ferdinand Magellan embarks from Spain on a voyage to circumnavigate the world in 1519.

Today in historyPacket and Daily, the first daily publication in America, appears on the streets in 1784.

Today in history, The slave trade is abolished in the District of Columbia in 1850.

Today in history, Scientists confirm that DNA holds hereditary data in 1952.

Today in history, In a pro tennis bout dubbed “The Battle of the Sexes,” Billie Jean King beats Bobby Riggs (see picture below) at the Houston Astrodome in Texas in 1973.

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Today in history, US Pres. George W. Bush (see picture below), addressing a joint session of Congress, declares a “war on terror” in 2001.

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Today in history 9/19/2017

WordleCh1-509/19/2017:

Today in history, In a landmark battle of the Hundred Years’ War, English Prince Edward defeats the French at Poitiers in 1356.

Today in history, Giles Corey is pressed to death for standing mute and refusing to answer charges of witchcraft brought against him. He is the only person in America to have suffered this punishment in 1692.

Today in history, The first hot-air balloon is sent aloft in Versailles, France with animal passengers including a sheep, a rooster, and a duck in 1783.

Today in history, The first railway to span a frontier is completed between Strasbourg and Basel, in Europe in 1841.

Today in history, New Zealand becomes the first nation to grant women the right to vote in 1893.

Today in history, The first documented emoticons, 🙂 and :-(, are posted on the Carnegie Mellon University Bulletin Board System by Scott Fahlman (see picture below) in 1982.

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Today in history, German hikers near the Austria-Italy border discover the naturally preserved mummy of a man from about 3,300 BC; Europe’s oldest natural human mummy, he is dubbed Otzi the Iceman because his lower half was encased in ice in 1991.

Today in history 9/16/2017-9/18/2017

WordleCh1-50

9/16/2017:

Today in history, The Pilgrims sail from England on the Mayflower in 1620.

Today in history, A revolution for independence breaks out in Mexico in 1810.

Today in history, Japan surrenders Hong Kong to Britain in 1945.

Today in history, The U.S. 8th Army breaks out of the Pusan Perimeter (see picture below) in South Korea and begins heading north to meet MacArthur’s troops heading south from Inchon in 1950.

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9/17/2017:

Today in history, The Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia approves the constitution for the United States of America in 1787.

Today in history, The Battle of Antietam in Maryland, the bloodiest day in U.S. history, commences. Fighting in the corn field, Bloody Lane and Burnside’s Bridge rages all day as the Union and Confederate armies suffer a combined 26,293 casualties in 1862.

Today in history, The German Army recaptures the Russian Port of Riga from Russian forces in 1917.

Today in history, James Forestall (see picture below) is sworn in as first the U.S. Secretary of Defense in 1947.

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9/18/2017:

Today in history, George Washington lays the foundation stone for the U.S. Capitol in 1793.

Today in historyTom Thumb, the first locomotive built in the United States, loses a nine-mile race in Maryland to a horse in 1830.

Today in historyMargaret Chase Smith (see picture below) becomes the first woman elected to the Senate without completing another senator’s term when she defeats Democratic opponent Adrian Scolten. Smith is also the only woman to be elected to and serve in both houses of Congress in 1948.

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Today in history, The US television soap opera The Guiding Light broadcasts its final episode, ending a 72-year run that began on radio in 2009.