Today in history, The Ecumenical council is inaugurated by Emperor Constantine in Nicea in 325.
Today in history, Cola di Rienzo (see picture below) takes the title of tribune in Rome in 1347.
Today in history, John Sobieski (see picture below) becomes Poland’s first king in 1674.
Today in history, Parliament passes the Coercive Acts to punish the colonists for their increasingly anti-British behavior. The acts close the port of Boston in 1774.
Today in history, President Abraham Lincoln signs the Homestead Act, providing 250 million acres of free land to settlers in the West in 1862.
Today in history, Levi Strauss (see picture below) begins marketing blue jeans with copper rivets in 1874.
Today in history, Amelia Earhart (see picture below) lands near Londonderry, Ireland, to become the first woman fly solo across the Atlantic in 1932.
Today in history, The Battle of Hamburger Hill (see picture below), which has pitted U.S. and South Vietnamese troops against North Vietnamese forces, ends after 11 days of fighting. Despite bad weather and heavy enemy fortifications, U.S. troops succeed in taking the steeply sloped hill but will abandon it 15 days later—a move that will be controversial both within the U.S. military and with the American public in 1969.