Today in history 9/19/2020-9/20/2020

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Today in history, In a landmark battle of the Hundred Years’ War, English Prince Edward defeats the French at Poitiers in 1356.

Today in history, Giles Corey is pressed to death for standing mute and refusing to answer charges of witchcraft brought against him. He is the only person in America to have suffered this punishment in 1692.

Today in history, The first hot-air balloon is sent aloft in Versailles, France with animal passengers including a sheep, a rooster, and a duck in 1783.

Today in history, The first railway to span a frontier is completed between Strasbourg and Basel, in Europe in 1841.

Today in history, New Zealand becomes the first nation to grant women the right to vote in 1893.

Today in history, The first documented emoticons, 🙂 and :-(, are posted on the Carnegie Mellon University Bulletin Board System by Scott Fahlman (see picture below) in 1982.

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Today in history, German hikers near the Austria-Italy border discover the naturally preserved mummy of a man from about 3,300 BC; Europe’s oldest natural human mummy, he is dubbed Otzi the Iceman because his lower half was encased in ice in 1991.

9/20/2020:

Today in history, Themistocles and his Greek fleet win one of history’s first decisive naval victories over Xerxes‘ Persian force off Salamis in 480 BC.

Today in history, Ferdinand Magellan embarks from Spain on a voyage to circumnavigate the world in 1519.

Today in historyPacket and Daily, the first daily publication in America, appears on the streets in 1784.

Today in history, The slave trade is abolished in the District of Columbia in 1850.

Today in history, Scientists confirm that DNA holds hereditary data in 1952.

Today in history, In a pro tennis bout dubbed “The Battle of the Sexes,” Billie Jean King beats Bobby Riggs (see picture below) at the Houston Astrodome in Texas in 1973.

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Today in history, US Pres. George W. Bush (see picture below), addressing a joint session of Congress, declares a “war on terror” in 2001.

Today in history 9/16/2020-9/18/2020

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Today in history, The Pilgrims sail from England on the Mayflower in 1620.

Today in history, A revolution for independence breaks out in Mexico in 1810.

Today in history, Japan surrenders Hong Kong to Britain in 1945.

Today in history, The U.S. 8th Army breaks out of the Pusan Perimeter (see picture below) in South Korea and begins heading north to meet MacArthur’s troops heading south from Inchon in 1950.

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Today in history, The Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia approves the constitution for the United States of America in 1787.

Today in history, The Battle of Antietam in Maryland, the bloodiest day in U.S. history, commences. Fighting in the corn field, Bloody Lane and Burnside’s Bridge rages all day as the Union and Confederate armies suffer a combined 26,293 casualties in 1862.

Today in history, The German Army recaptures the Russian Port of Riga from Russian forces in 1917.

Today in history, James Forestall is sworn in as first the U.S. Secretary of Defense in 1947.

Today in history, George Washington lays the foundation stone for the U.S. Capitol in 1793.

Today in historyTom Thumb, the first locomotive built in the United States, loses a nine-mile race in Maryland to a horse in 1830.

Today in historyMargaret Chase Smith (see picture below) becomes the first woman elected to the Senate without completing another senator’s term when she defeats Democratic opponent Adrian Scolten. Smith is also the only woman to be elected to and serve in both houses of Congress in 1948.

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Today in history, The US television soap opera The Guiding Light broadcasts its final episode, ending a 72-year run that began on radio in 2009.

Today in history 9/15/2020

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Today in history, The Spanish Armada, which attempted to invade England, is destroyed by a British fleet in 1588.

Today in history, The Butterfield Overland Mail Company begins delivering mail from St. Louis to San Francisco. The company’s motto is: “Remember, boys, nothing on God’s earth must stop the United States mail!” in 1858.

Today in historyConfederates capture Harpers Ferry, securing the rear of Robert E. Lee‘s forces in Maryland in 1862.

Today in history, The Dalton gang (see picture below) holds up a train and takes $2,500 at Wagoner, Oklahoma in 1891.

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Today in history, Armored tanks are introduced by the British during the Battle of the Somme in 1916.

Today in history, Scottish bacteriologist Alexander Fleming discovers, by accident, that the mold penicillin has an antibiotic effect in 1928.

Today in historySandra Day O’Connor (see picture below) is unanimously approved by the Senate Judiciary Committee to become the first female justice on the US Supreme Court in 1981.

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Today in history 9/14/2020

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Today in history, Dante Alighieri dies of malaria just hours after finishing writing Paradiso in 1321.

Today in history, Russian forces under Aleksandr Suvorov successfully storm a Turkish fort at Hirsov, Turkey in 1773.

Today in historyFrancis Scott Key (see picture below) writes the words to the “Star Spangled Banner” as he waits aboard a British launch in Chesapeake Bay for the outcome of the British assault on Fort McHenry during the War of 1812 in 1814.

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Today in history, At the battles of South Mountain and Crampton’s Gap, Maryland Union troopssmash into the Confederates as they close in on what will become the Antietam battleground in 1862.

Today in history, Iraq, Iran, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia form OPEC in 1960.

Today in history, Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton (see picture below) becomes the first native-born American saint in the Roman Catholic Church in 1975.

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Today in history 9/12/2020-9/13/2020

WordleCh1-509/12/2020:

Today in history, Athenian and Plataean Hoplites commanded by General Miltiades drive back a Persian invasion force under General Datis at Marathon in 490 BC.

Today in history, Henry Hudson (see picture below) sails into what is now New York Harbor aboard his sloop Half Moon in 1609.

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Today in history, Despite his failed efforts to suppress the American Revolution, Lord Cornwallis is appointed governor general of India in 1786.

Today in history, British troops retake Havincourt, Moeuvres, and Trescault along the Western Front in 1918.

Today in history, The Lascaux Caves (see picture below) in France, with their prehistoric wall paintings, are discovered in 1940.

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Today in history, East and West Germany, along with the UK, the US and the USSR—the Allied nations that had occupied post-WWII Germany—sign the final settlement for reunification of Germany in 1990.

Today in history, In New York City, the 9/11 Memorial Museum opens to the public in 2011.

9/13/2020:

Today in history, Pope Paul III closes the first session of the Council of Bologna in 1549.

Today in history, The Constitutional Convention authorizes the first federal election resolving that electors in all the states will be appointed on January 7, 1789 in 1788.

Today in historyUnion troops in Frederick, Maryland, discover General Robert E. Lee‘s attack plans for the invasion of Maryland wrapped around a pack of cigars. They give the plans to General George B. McClellan who sends the Army of the Potomac to confront Lee but only after a delay of more than half a day in 1862.

Today in history, U.S. and French forces take St. Mihiel, France in America’s first action as a standing army in 1918.

Today in history, In Korea, U.S. Army troops begin their assault in Heartbreak Ridge (see picture below). The month-long struggle will cost 3,700 casualties in 1951.

Korean War Photos | Korean war, War, Infantry

Today in history, Hurricane Gilbert becomes the strongest hurricane ever recorded in the Western Hemisphere, based on barometric pressure. Hurricane Wilma will break that record in 2005 in 1988.