Today in history 4/24/2017

WordleCh1-504/24/2017:

Today in history, St. Nicholas I begins his reign as Catholic Pope in 858.

Today in history, Envoys of Montezuma II attend the first Easter mass in Central America in 1519.

Today in history, Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle (see picture below) composes “La Marseillaise”. It will become France’s national anthem in 1792.

Today in history, The Library of Congress is established in Washington, D.C. with a $5,000 allocation in 1800.

Today in history, U.S. Marines attack and capture the town of Derna in Tripoli from the Barbary pirates in 1805.

Today in history, A patent is granted for the first soda fountain in 1833.

Today in historySpain declares war on United States, rejecting an ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba in 1898.

Today in history, Irish nationalists launch the Easter Uprising against British occupation in 1916.

Today in history, The Berlin airlift begins to relieve the surrounded city in 1948.

Today in historyWinston Churchill is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II (see picture below) in 1953.

Today in history, President John Kennedy accepts “sole responsibility” for the failed invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs in 1961.

Today in history, The IBM Personal Computer (see picture below) is introduced in 1981.

Today in history 3/2/2017

WordleCh1-50

3/2/2017:

Today in history, Americans begin shelling British troops in Boston in 1776.

Today in history, Maryland ratifies the Articles of Confederation. It is the last state to sign in 1781.

Today in history, To put an end to robberies by the Barbary pirates, the United States declares war on Algiers in 1815.

Today in history, Texas declares independence from Mexico on Sam Houston’s 43rd birthday in 1836.

Today in history, The Territory of Washington is organized in 1853.

Today in history, Rutherford B. Hayes (see picture below) is declared president by one vote the day before the inauguration in 1877.

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Today in history, Gabriel Lippmann (see picture below) introduces the new three-dimensional color photography process at the Academy of Sciences in 1908.

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Today in history, Congress passes the Jones Act making Puerto Rico a territory of the United States and makes its inhabitants U.S. citizens in 1917.

Today in history,  MacArthur raises the U.S. flag on Corregidor in the Philippines in 1945.

Today in history, Claudette Colvin (see picture below) refuses to give up her seat in Montgomery, Alabama, nine months before Rosa Parks‘ famous arrest for the same offense in 1955.

claudette-colvin

Today in history, Czech pilot Vladimir Remek (see picture below) becomes the first non-Russian, non-American in space in 1978.

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