Today in history, African-American soldiers of the 25th Infantry Bicycle Corps (see picture below) arrive in St. Louis, Mo., after completing a 40-day bike ride from Missoula, Montana in 1897.
Today in history, The U.S. Fifth Air Force relocates from Japan to Korea in 1950.
Today in history, The Supreme Court rules that President Richard Nixon must surrender the Watergate tapes in 1974.
Today in history, Emperor Constantine refuses to carry out traditional pagan sacrifices in 326.
Today in history, Hideyoshi bans Christianity in Japan and orders all Christians to leave in 1587.
Today in history, Svetlana Savitskaya (see picture below) becomes first woman to perform a space walk in 1984.
Today in history, The Continental Congress establishes a postal system for the colonies with Benjamin Franklin as the first postmaster general in 1775.
Today in history, Liberia becomes the first African colony to become an independent state in 1847.
Today in history, The 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified in 1920.
Today in history, The shuttle Discovery launches on mission STS-114, marking a return to space after the shuttle Columbia crash of 2003 in 2005.
Today in history, The International Workers of the World found their labor organization in Chicago in 1905.
Today in history, Orville Wright (see picture below) sets a world record for staying aloft in an airplane–one hour, 12 minutes and 40 seconds in 1909.
Today in history, Representatives of the United Nations, Korea and China sign an armistice at Panmunjom, Korea in 1953.
Today in history, French explorer Samuel de Champlain discovers Lake Huron on his seventh voyage to the New World in 1615.
Today in history, The 14th Amendment to the Constitution, which guarantees citizenship to all those born or naturalized in the United States, is adopted in 1868.
Today in history, Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia, beginning World War I in 1914.
Today in history, Pancho Villa (see picture below) surrenders to the Mexican government in 1920.
Today in history, Japan signs a treaty of commerce and friendship with the United States in 1858.
Today in history, Astronomers announce discovery of dwarf planet Eris (see picture below), leading the International Astronomic Union to clarify the definition of a planet in 2005.
Today in history, The House of Burgesses convenes for the first time at Jamestown, Va. in 1619.
Today in history, George Eastman demonstrates his color motion picture process in 1938.
Today in history, Teamster leader Jimmy Hoffa (see picture below) disappears, last seen coming out of a restaurant in Bloomingfield Hills, Michigan in 1975.