Today in history, Henry Tudor defeats Richard III at Bosworth. This victory establishes the Tudor dynasty in England and ends the Wars of the Roses in 1485.
Today in history, Civil war in England begins as Charles I declares war on Parliament at Nottingham in 1642.
Today in history, Brazil declares war on the Axis powers. She is the only South American country to send combat troops into Europe in 1942.
Today in history, OAS (Secret Army Organization) gunmen unsuccessfully attempt to assassinate French president Charles de Gaulle; the incident inspires Frederick Forsyth’s novel, The Day of the Jackal in 1962.
Today in history, The first complete ring around Neptune (see picture below) is discovered in 1989.
Today in history, In an art heist, a version of The Scream and Madonna, two paintings by Edvard Munch, are stolen at gunpoint from a museum in Oslo, Norway in 2005.
Today in history, The most runs scored by any team in modern MLB history is recorded as the Texas Rangers thump the Baltimore Orioles 30-3 in 2007.