Today in history 8/22/2017


Today in history, Henry Tudor defeats Richard III at Bosworth. This victory establishes the Tudor dynasty in England and ends the Wars of the Roses in 1485.

Today in history, Civil war in England begins as Charles I declares war on Parliament at Nottingham in 1642.

Today in history, Brazil declares war on the Axis powers. She is the only South American country to send combat troops into Europe in 1942.

Today in historyDevil’s Island‘s penal colony (see picture below) is permanently closed in 1956.

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Today in history, OAS (Secret Army Organization) gunmen unsuccessfully attempt to assassinate French president Charles de Gaulle; the incident inspires Frederick Forsyth’s novel, The Day of the Jackal in 1962.

Today in history, The first complete ring around Neptune (see picture below) is discovered in 1989.

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Today in history, In an art heist, a version of The Scream and Madonna, two paintings by Edvard Munch, are stolen at gunpoint from a museum in Oslo, Norway in 2005.

Today in history, The most runs scored by any team in modern MLB history is recorded as the Texas Rangers thump the Baltimore Orioles 30-3 in 2007.

Today in history 4/23/2017


Today in history, The first English order of knighthood is founded in 1348.

Today in history, Pedro Cabral claims Brazil for Portugal in 1500.

Today in history, Charles II (see picture below) is formally crowned king, returning the monarchy to Britain, albeit with greatly reduced powers in 1661.

Today in history, President George Washington moves into Franklin House, New York in 1789.

Today in history, Union cavalry units continue to skirmish with Confederate forces in Henderson, North Carolina and Munford’s Station, Alabama in 1865.

Today in history, Motion pictures premiere in New York City in 1896.

Today in history, The Federals (see picture below) defeat Kansas City 9-1 in the first major league game to be played in Chicago’s Weeghman Park, later renamed Wrigley Field in 1914.

Today in history, The ACA becomes the National Advisory Council on Aeronautics (NACA), the forerunner of NASA in 1915.

Today in history, The U.S. Senate passes the Soldiers’ Bonus Bill in 1924.

Today in history, Chiang Kai-shek (see picture below) evacuates Hainan, leaving mainland China to Mao Zedong and the communists in 1950.

Today in history, The Soviet Union launches Soyuz 10 (see picture below), becoming the first mission to the Salyut 1 space station in 1971.

Today in history 4/22/2017


Today in history, St. Gaius ends his reign as Catholic Pope in 296.

Today in history, Pedro Alvarez Cabral (see picture below) discovers Brazil in 1500.

Today in history, Spain and Portugal divide the eastern hemisphere in the Treaty of Saragossa in 1529.

Today in history, President George Washington proclaims American neutrality in the war in Europe in 1792.

Today in history, The Oklahoma land rush officially starts at noon as thousands of Americans race for new, unclaimed land in 1889.

Today in history,  At the Second Battle of Ypres, the Germans use poison gas for the first time in 1915.

Today in history, Egypt signs treaty of friendship with Iraq in 1931.

Today in history, Allies launch major attack against the Japanese in Hollandia, New Guinea in 1944.

Today in history, The Senate Army-McCarthy hearings begin. They are broadcast on television in 1954.

Today in history, Congress orders all U.S. coins to bear the motto “In God We Trust” in 1955.

Today in history, Barbara Walters (see picture below) becomes the first female nightly news anchor on network television in 1976.