Today in history 5/12/2017

WordleCh1-505/12/2017:

Today in history, St. Stephen I begins his reign as Catholic Pope in 254.

Today in history, King Henry III flees Paris after Henry of Guise triumphantly enters the city in 1588.

Today in history, The Continental Army surrenders Charleston, South Carolina, to British forces in its largest defeat of the Revolutionary War in 1780.

Today in history, The Tule River War ends in 1851.

Today in history, The last land battle of the Civil war occurs at Palmito Ranch, Texas. It is a Confederate victory in 1865.

Today in history, The Airship Norge (see picture below) becomes the first vessel to fly over the North Pole in 1926.

Today in history, Alcoholics Anonymous is founded in Akron, Ohio by “Bill W.,” a stockbroker, and “Dr. Bob S.,” a heart surgeon in 1935.

Today in history, The Berlin Blockade ends in 1949.

Today in history 4/24/2017

WordleCh1-504/24/2017:

Today in history, St. Nicholas I begins his reign as Catholic Pope in 858.

Today in history, Envoys of Montezuma II attend the first Easter mass in Central America in 1519.

Today in history, Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle (see picture below) composes “La Marseillaise”. It will become France’s national anthem in 1792.

Today in history, The Library of Congress is established in Washington, D.C. with a $5,000 allocation in 1800.

Today in history, U.S. Marines attack and capture the town of Derna in Tripoli from the Barbary pirates in 1805.

Today in history, A patent is granted for the first soda fountain in 1833.

Today in historySpain declares war on United States, rejecting an ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba in 1898.

Today in history, Irish nationalists launch the Easter Uprising against British occupation in 1916.

Today in history, The Berlin airlift begins to relieve the surrounded city in 1948.

Today in historyWinston Churchill is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II (see picture below) in 1953.

Today in history, President John Kennedy accepts “sole responsibility” for the failed invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs in 1961.

Today in history, The IBM Personal Computer (see picture below) is introduced in 1981.

Today in history 4/22/2017

WordleCh1-504/22/2017:

Today in history, St. Gaius ends his reign as Catholic Pope in 296.

Today in history, Pedro Alvarez Cabral (see picture below) discovers Brazil in 1500.

Today in history, Spain and Portugal divide the eastern hemisphere in the Treaty of Saragossa in 1529.

Today in history, President George Washington proclaims American neutrality in the war in Europe in 1792.

Today in history, The Oklahoma land rush officially starts at noon as thousands of Americans race for new, unclaimed land in 1889.

Today in history,  At the Second Battle of Ypres, the Germans use poison gas for the first time in 1915.

Today in history, Egypt signs treaty of friendship with Iraq in 1931.

Today in history, Allies launch major attack against the Japanese in Hollandia, New Guinea in 1944.

Today in history, The Senate Army-McCarthy hearings begin. They are broadcast on television in 1954.

Today in history, Congress orders all U.S. coins to bear the motto “In God We Trust” in 1955.

Today in history, Barbara Walters (see picture below) becomes the first female nightly news anchor on network television in 1976.

Today in history 4/18/2017

WordleCh1-504/18/2017:

Today in history, St. Eusebius of Vercelli begins his reign as Catholic Pope in 310.

Today in history, Martin Luther (see picture below) confronts the emperor Charles V, refusing to retract the views which led to his excommunication in 1521.

Today in history, American revolutionaries Paul Revere and William Dawes (see picture below) ride though the towns of Massachusetts warning that “the British are coming” in 1775.

Today in history, William Lamb becomes prime minister of England in 1834.

Today in history, The Wilkes’ expedition to the South Pole sets sail in 1838.

Today in history, The first train in Asia begins running from Bombay to Tanna in 1853.

Today in history, The First Sino-Japanese War ends in 1895.

Today in history, Yankee Stadium opens with Babe Ruth hitting a three-run homer as the Yankees beat the Red Sox 4-1 in 1923.

Today in historyJames H. Doolittle (see picture below) bombs Tokyo and other Japanese cities in 1942.

Today in history, Traveling in a bomber, Japanese Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto (see picture below), the mastermind of the attack on Pearl Harbor, is shot down by American P-38 fighters in 1943.

Today in history, The U.S. Senate approves the transfer of the Panama Canal to Panama in 1978.

Today in history 4/17/2017

WordleCh1-504/17/2017:

Today in history, Benedict III ends his reign as Catholic Pope in 858.

Today in history, Christopher Columbus signs a contract with Spain to find a western route to the Indies in 1492.

Today in history, Present-day New York Harbor is discovered by Giovanni da Verrazzano (see picture below) in 1524.

Today in history, Frances Williams (see picture below), the first African-American to graduate from a college in the western hemisphere, publishes a collection of Latin poems in 1758.

Today in history, The game “snooker” is invented by Sir Neville Chamberlain in 1875.

Today in history, China and Japan sign peace treaty of Shimonoseki in 1895.

Today in history, Baseball player Babe Ruth and Claire Hodgson (see picture below), a former member of the Ziegfeld Follies, get married in 1929.

Today in historyJackie Robinson (see picture below)bunts for his first major league hit in 1947.

Today in historyJerrie Mock (see picture below)becomes first woman to fly solo around the world in 1964.

Today in history, Apollo 13–originally scheduled to land on the moon–lands back safely on Earth after an accident in 1970.