Today in history 8/17/2017

WordleCh1-508/17/2017:

Today in history, By the Treaty of Abo, Sweden cedes southeast Finland to Russia, ending Sweden’s failed war with Russia in 1743.

Today in historyNapoleon Bonaparte‘s army defeats the Russians at the Battle of Smolensk during the Russian retreat to Moscow in 1812.

Today in history, The first steam ship to cross the Atlantic entirely on its own power, the Canadian ship Royal William (see picture below), begins her journey from Nova Scotia to The Isle of Wight in 1833.

Image result for royal william steam ship

Today in history, Union gunboats attack Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina, for the first time in 1863.

Today in history, Upon hearing confirmation that Japan has surrendered, Sukarno proclaims Indonesia’s independence in 1945.

Today in history, Three Americans complete the first crossing of the Atlantic in a balloon in 1978.

Today in history 5/12/2017

WordleCh1-505/12/2017:

Today in history, St. Stephen I begins his reign as Catholic Pope in 254.

Today in history, King Henry III flees Paris after Henry of Guise triumphantly enters the city in 1588.

Today in history, The Continental Army surrenders Charleston, South Carolina, to British forces in its largest defeat of the Revolutionary War in 1780.

Today in history, The Tule River War ends in 1851.

Today in history, The last land battle of the Civil war occurs at Palmito Ranch, Texas. It is a Confederate victory in 1865.

Today in history, The Airship Norge (see picture below) becomes the first vessel to fly over the North Pole in 1926.

Today in history, Alcoholics Anonymous is founded in Akron, Ohio by “Bill W.,” a stockbroker, and “Dr. Bob S.,” a heart surgeon in 1935.

Today in history, The Berlin Blockade ends in 1949.

Today in history 4/12/2017

WordleCh1-50

4/12/2017:

Today in history, The Fourth Crusade sacks Constantinople in 1204.

Today in history, England adopts the Union Jack as its flag in 1606.

Today in history, The British navy wins its only naval engagement against the colonists in the American Revolution at the Battle of Saints, off Dominica in 1782.

Today in history, The Civil war erupts as Confederate forces fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina in 1861.

Today in history, The first catcher’s mask is used in a baseball game in 1877.

Today in history, Pierre Prier completes the first non-stop London-Paris flight in three hours and 56 minutes in 1911.

Today in history,  The British Cabinet comes out in favor of voting rights for women in 1927.

Today in history, Bill Haley records “Rock Around the Clock” in 1954.

Today in history, Dr. Jonas Salk’s discovery of a polio vaccine is announced in 1955.

Today in history, Emmett Ashford (see picture below) becomes the first African-American major league umpire in 1966.

Today in history, Harold Washington (see picture below) is elected the first black mayor of Chicago in 1983.