Today in history, Copernicus (see picture below) makes his first observations of Saturn in 1514.
Today in history, William Shakespeare (see picture below) is baptized in 1564.
Today in history, The British establish a colony at Cape Henry, Virginia in 1607.
Today in history, Joseph E. Johnston surrenders the Army of Tennessee to General William T. Sherman in 1865.
Today in history, Second Lieutenant William Rhodes-Moorhouse becomes the first airman to win the Victoria Cross after conducting a successful bombing raid in 1915.
Today in history, The first non-stop flight from England to India is completed in 1921.
Today in history, The German Luftwaffe bombs the city of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War, deliberately targeting its civilian population. Pablo Picasso will later memorialize the event in his antiwar painting “Guernica” (see picture below) in 1937.
Today in history, The first organ is played at a baseball stadium in Chicago in 1941.
Today in history, The Dow Jones Industrial Average breaks 1,200 for first time in 1983.
Today in history, The world’s worst nuclear disaster occurs at the Chernobyl power plant in the Soviet Union in 1986.
Today in history, Nelson Mandela (see picture below) wins the presidency in South Africa’s first multiracial elections in 1994.