Today in history 2/21/2020

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Today in history, Michael Romanov, a son of the Patriarch of Moscow, is elected Russian Tsar in 1631.

Today in history, The British blockade of Toulon is broken by 27 French and Spanish warships attacking 29 British ships in 1744.

Today in history, The world’s first telephone book is issued by the New Haven Connecticut Telephone Company containing the names of its 50 subscribers in 1878.

Today in history, The Washington Monument is dedicated in Washington, D.C. in 1885.

Today in history,  The Mukden campaign of the Russo-Japanese War, begins in 1905.

Today in history, The U. S. Eighth Army launches Operation Killer, a counterattack to push Chinese forces north of the Han River in Korea in 1951.

Today in historyRichard Nixon (see picture below) arrives in Beijing, China, becoming the first U.S. president to visit a country not diplomatically recognized by the United States in 1972.

Today in history 2/16/2020

Today in history, Fort Donelson, Tennessee, falls to Grant‘s Federal forces, but not before Nathan Bedford Forrest escapes in 1862.

Today in history, Columbia, South Carolina, surrenders to Federal troops in 1865.

Today in history, Bessie Smith makes her first recording “Down Hearted Blues” in 1923.

Today in history, Dupont patents a new thread, nylon, which will replace silk in a number of products and reduce costs in 1937.

Today in history, The British destroyer HMS Cossack rescues British seamen from a German prison ship, the Altmark, in a Norwegian fjord in 1940.

Today in history, Tojo outlines Japan’s war aims to the Diet, referring to “new order of coexistence” in East Asia in 1942.

Today in history, American paratroopers land on Corregidor, in a campaign to liberate the Philippines in 1945.

Today in history, A U.S. flag flies over an outpost in Wilkes Land, Antarctica in 1957.

Today in history, Four persons are held in a plot to blow up the Statue of Liberty, Liberty Bell and the Washington Monument in 1965.

Today in history, China and Japan sign a $20 billion trade pact, which is the most important move since the 1972 resumption of diplomatic ties in 1978.

Today in history 2/12/2020

Today in history, Kublai Khan, the conqueror of Asia, dies at the age of 80 in 1294.

Today in history, Alexander Selkirk, the Scottish seaman whose adventures inspired the creation of Daniel Dafoe’s Robinson Crusoe, is taken off Juan Fernandez Island after more than four years of living there alone in 1709.

Today in history, Chile gains independence from Spain in 1818.

Today in history, Mexican General Santa Anna crosses the Rio Grande en route to the Alamo in 1836.

Today in history, The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is formed in 1909.

Today in history, China becomes a republic following the overthrow of the Manchu dynasty in 1912.

Today in history, George Gershwin’s groundbreaking symphonic jazz composition Rhapsody in Blue premieres with Gershwin himself playing the piano with Paul Whiteman’s orchestra in 1924.

Today in history, Japan makes its first television broadcast–a baseball game in 1931.

Today in history, The South Vietnamese win two big battles in the Mekong Delta in 1966.

Today in history, The U.S. Senate fails to pass two articles of impeachment against President Bill Clinton. He had been accused of perjury and obstruction of justice by the House of Representatives in 1999.

Today in history 1/28/2020

Today in history, The Roman Emperor Nerva names Trajan, an army general, as his successor in 0028.

Today in history, Henry VIII of England dies and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Edward VI in 1547.

Today in history, Ahmed Shah, the first King of Afghanistan, occupies Delhi and annexes the Punjab in 1757.

Today in history, Surrounded by Prussian troops and suffering from famine, the French army in Paris surrenders. During the siege, balloons were used to keep contact with the outside world in 1871.

Today in history, The German navy attacks the U.S. freighter William P. Frye, loaded with wheat for Britain in 1915.

Today in history, The U.S. Coast Guard is founded to fight contraband trade and aid distressed vessels at sea in 1915.

Today in history, Albert Einstein startles Berlin by suggesting the possibility of measuring the universe in 1921.

Today in history, The Japanese attack Shanghai, China, and declare martial law in 1932.

Today in history, French General Charles DeGaulle‘s Free French forces sack south Libya oasis in 1941.

Today in history, Chiang Kai-shek renames the Ledo-Burma Road the Stilwell Road, in honor of General Joseph Stilwell in 1945.

Today in history, The U.S. Congress passes a bill allowing mobilization of troops if China should attack Taiwan in 1955.

Today in history, The space shuttle Challenger explodes just after liftoff in 1986.

Today in history 1/27/2020

Today in history, Mustafa II becomes the Ottoman sultan in Istanbul on the death of Amhed II in 1695.

Today in history, Congress approves Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the “Trail of Tears” in 1825.

Today in history, President Abraham Lincoln issues General War Order No. 1, setting in motion the Union armies in 1862.

Today in history,  Foreign diplomats in Peking fear revolt and demand that the Imperial Government discipline the Boxer Rebels in 1900.

Today in history, Russian General Kuropatkin takes the offensive in Manchuria. The Japanese under General Oyama suffer heavy casualties in 1905.

Today in history, Communists attempt to seize power in Finland in 1918.

Today in history, Lenin’s body is laid in a marble tomb on Red Square near the Kremlin in 1924.

Today in history, The United States and Great Britain begin high-level military talks in Washington in 1941.

Today in history, NASA selects 110 candidates for the first U.S. space flight in 1959.

Today in history, A cease fire in Vietnam is called as the Paris peace accords are signed by the United States and North Vietnam in 1973.

Today in history, Pope John Paul II says mass to one million in Venezuela in 1985.