Today in history 9/9/2017-9/11/2017

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9/9/2017:

Today in history, Constantine’s three sons, already Caesars, each take the title of Augustus. Constantine II and Constans share the west while Constantius II takes control of the east in 337.

Today in history, The term “United States” is adopted by the Continental Congress to be used instead of the “United Colonies” in 1776.

Today in historyGeorge Washington calls for the abolition of slavery in 1786.

Today in history, Elvis Presley (see picture below) makes his first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show; cameras focus on his upper torso and legs to avoid showing his pelvis gyrations, which many Americans—including Ed Sullivan—thought unfit for a family show in 1956.

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9/10/2017:

Today in history, Elias Howe patents the first practical sewing machine in the United States in 1846.

Today in history, Jules Vedrines becomes the first pilot to break the 100 m.p.h. barrier in 1912.

Today in historyPresident John F. Kennedy federalizes Alabama’s National Guard to prevent Governor George C. Wallace from using guardsmen to stop public-school desegregation in 1963.

Today in history, Pablo Picasso’s painting Guernica (see picture below) is returned to Spain and installed in Madrid’s Prado Museum. Picasso stated in his will that the painting was not to return to Spain until the Fascists lost power and democracy was restored in 1981.

Image result for Pablo Picasso’s painting Guernica

9/11/2017:

Today in history, The first mention of an African American doctor or dentist in the colonies is made in the Pennsylvania Gazette in 1740.

Today in history, Stephen Foster’s “Oh! Susanna” (see picture below) is first performed in a saloon in Pittsburgh in 1847.

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Today in history, The “Star Spangled Banner” is sung at the beginning of a baseball game for the first time in Cooperstown, New York in 1916.

Today in history, In an unprecedented, highly coordinated attack, terrorists hijack four U.S. passenger airliners, flying two into the World Trade Center towers in New York and one into the Pentagon, killing thousands. The fourth airliner, headed toward Washington likely to strike the White House or Capitol, is crashed just over 100 miles away in Pennsylvania after passengers storm the cockpit and overtake the hijackers in 2001.

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Today in history 9/6/2017-9/7/2017

WordleCh1-509/6/2017:

Today in history, One of the five ships that set out in Ferdinand Magellan’s trip around the world makes it back to Spain. Only 15 of the original 265 men that set out survived. Magellan was killed by natives in the Philippines in 1522.

Today in history, French General Jean Houchard and his 40,000 men begin a three-day battle against an Anglo-Hanoveraian army at Hondschoote, southwest Belgium, in the wars of the French Revolution in 1793.

Today in historyUnion General Ulysses S. Grant‘s forces capture Paducah, Kentucky from Confederate forces in 1861.

Today in history, Lee Roy Young (see picture below) becomes the first African-American Texas Ranger in the force’s 165-year history in 1988.

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Today in history, The Baltimore Orioles’ Cal Ripken Jr. (see picture below) plays in his 2,131st consecutive game, breaking a 56-year MLB record held by Lou Gehrig; in 2007 fans voted this achievement the most memorable moment in MLB history in 1995.

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9/7/2017:

Today in history, The earliest known printed reference to the United States by the nickname “Uncle Sam” occurs in the Troy Post in 1813.

Today in history, An incubator is used for the first time on a premature infant in 1888.

Today in history, The first heavyweight-title boxing match (see picture below) fought with gloves under Marquis of Queensbury rules ends when James J. Corbett knocks out John L. Sullivan in the 21st round in 1892.

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Today in historyIntegration of public schools begins in Washington D.C. and Maryland in 1954.

Today in history, ESPN, the Entertainment and Sports Programing Network, debuts in 1979.

Today in history 8/25/2017-8/28/2017

WordleCh1-50

8/25/2017:

Today in history, Union and Confederate troops skirmish at Waterloo Bridge, Virginia, during the Second Bull Run Campaign in 1862.

Today in history, The National Park Service is established as part of the Department of the Interior in 1916.

Today in history, Paris is liberated from German occupation by Free French Forces under General Jacques LeClerc (see picture below) in 1944.

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8/26/2017:

Today in history, Joan of Arc (see picture below) makes a triumphant entry into Paris in 1429.

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Today in historyConfederate General Thomas ‘Stonewall’ Jackson seizes Manassas Junction, Virginia, and moves to encircle Union forces under General John Pope in 1862.

Today in history, The 19th Amendment to the Constitution is officially ratified, giving women the right to vote in 1920.

8/27/2017:

Today in history, The Rainbow Bridge (see picture below), an 1,870-foot suspension bridge over Tokyo Bay, is completed in 1993.

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Today in history, Mars makes its closest approach to Earth in nearly 60,000 years, passing within 34,646,418 miles (55,758,005 km) in 2003.

Today in history, Democrats nominate Barack Obama (see picture below) for president, the first African American nominated by a major political party for the office of President of the United States in 2008.

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8/28/2017:

Today in history, Three German cruisers are sunk by ships of the Royal Navy in the Battle of Heligoland Bight, the first major naval battle of World War I in 1914.

Today in history, Chinese communist leader Mao Tse-Tung arrives in Chunking to confer with Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-Shek in a futile effort to avert civil war in 1945.

Today in history, One of the largest demonstrations in the history of the United States, the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, takes place and reaches its climax at the base of the Lincoln Memorial when Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.  (see picture below) delivers his “I have a dream” speech in 1963.

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Today in history 6/11/2017

WordleCh1-506/11/2017:

Today in history, Charles IV of Luxembourg is elected Holy Roman Emperor in 1346.

Today in historyHenry VIII of England marries Catherine of Aragon in 1509.

Today in history, Captain James Cook runs aground on the Great Barrier Reef in 1770.

Today in history, Napoleon Bonaparte takes the island of Malta in 1798.

Today in historyMajor General Henry W. Halleck (see picture below) finds documents and archives of the Confederate government in Richmond, Virginia. This discovery will lead to the publication of the official war records in 1865.

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Today in historyCharles E. Duryea (see picture below) receives the first U.S. patent granted to an American inventor for a gasoline-driven automobile in 1895.

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Today in history, Charles Lindbergh, a captain in the US Army Air Corps Reserve, receives the first Distinguished Flying Cross ever awarded, for his solo trans-Atlantic flight in 1927.

Today in historyDr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (see picture below) is arrested in Florida for trying to integrate restaurants in 1963.

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Today in history,  Margaret Thatcher (see picture below) wins her third consecutive term as Prime Minister in 1987.

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Today in history 6/6/2017

WordleCh1-506/6/2017:

Today in history, Gustav Vasa (see picture below) becomes king of Sweden in 1523.

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Today in history, The city of Memphis surrenders to the Union navy after an intense naval engagement on the Mississippi River in 1862.

Today in history, U.S. Marines enter combat at the Battle of Belleau Wood in 1918.

Today in history, The German Reichstag accepts the Dawes Plan, an American plan to help Germany pay off its war debts in 1924.

Today in history, Frozen foods are sold commercially for the first time in 1930.

Today in historyD-Day: Operation Overlord (see picture below) lands 400,000 Allied American, British, and Canadian troops on the beaches of Normandy in German-occupied France in 1944.

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Today in history, African American James Meredith is shot and wounded while on a solo march in Mississippi to promote voter registration among blacks in 1966.

Today in history, Israel invades southern Lebanon in 1982.