Today in history 8/17/2017


Today in history, By the Treaty of Abo, Sweden cedes southeast Finland to Russia, ending Sweden’s failed war with Russia in 1743.

Today in historyNapoleon Bonaparte‘s army defeats the Russians at the Battle of Smolensk during the Russian retreat to Moscow in 1812.

Today in history, The first steam ship to cross the Atlantic entirely on its own power, the Canadian ship Royal William (see picture below), begins her journey from Nova Scotia to The Isle of Wight in 1833.

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Today in history, Union gunboats attack Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina, for the first time in 1863.

Today in history, Upon hearing confirmation that Japan has surrendered, Sukarno proclaims Indonesia’s independence in 1945.

Today in history, Three Americans complete the first crossing of the Atlantic in a balloon in 1978.

Today in history 8/15/2017



Today in history, Constantinople falls to Michael VIII of Nicea and his army in 1261.

Today in history, Hugh O’Neill, the Earl of Tyrone, leads an Irish force to victory over the British at the Battle of Yellow Ford in 1598.

Today in history, Frederick II defeats the Austrians at the Battle of Liegnitz in 1760.

Today in history, The Confederate raider Tallahassee (see picture below) captures six Federal ships off New England in 1864.

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Today in history, The Panama Canal opens to traffic in 1914.

Today in history, American, British and French forces land on the southern coast of France, between Toulon and Cannes, in Operation Dragoon in 1944.

Today in history, Britain grants independence to India and Pakistan in 1947.

Today in history, The infamous terrorist Carlos the Jackal (see picture below) is captured in Khartoum, Sudan in 1994.

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Today in history 8/7/2017


Today in history, General George Washington authorizes the award of the Purple Heart for soldiers wounded in combat in 1782.

Today in history, Union troops capture part of Confederate General Jubal Early‘s army at Moorefield, West Virginia in 1864.

Today in history, Theophilus Van Kannel (see picture below) of Philadelphia receives a patent for the revolving door in 1888.

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Today in history, In Washington, the U.S. Court of Appeals rules that the government can neither confiscate nor ban James Joyce’s novel Ulysses in 1934.

Today in history, The U.S. 1st Marine Division under General A. A. Vandegrift lands on the islands of Guadalcanal and Tulagi in the Solomon islands. This is the first American amphibious landing of the war in 1942.

Today in historyApollo 15 (see picture below) returns to Earth. The mission to the moon had marked the first use of the Lunar Roving Vehicle in 1971.

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Today in history, Japan defeats the United States to win the Olympic Gold in baseball in 1984.

Today in history, Operation Desert Shield begins as US troops deploy to Saudi Arabia to discourage Iraq’s Saddam Hussein from invading that country as he had Kuwait .

Today in history, Barry Bonds of the San Francisco Giants breaks Hank Aaron’s record with his 756th home run. Bonds’ accomplishments were clouded by allegations of illegal steroid use and lying to a grand jury in 2007.

Today in history 8/5/2017


Today in history, Russia, Prussia and Austria sign a treaty agreeing on the partition of Poland in 1762.

Today in history, Colonel Henry Bouquet decisively defeats the Indians at the Battle of Bushy Run in Pennsylvania during Pontiac‘s rebellion in 1763.

Today in history, A peace treaty with Tripoli–which follows treaties with Algeria and Tunis–brings an end to the Barbary Wars in 1815.

Today in history, Congress adopts the nation’s first income tax to finance the Civil War in 1861.

Today in historyHarriet Tubman (see picture below) receives a pension from Congress for her work as a nursespyand scout during the Civil War in 1892.

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Today in history, The Austro-German Army takes Warsaw, in present-day Poland, on the Eastern Front in 1915.

Today in history, The United Nations Command suspends armistice talks with the North Koreans when armed troops are spotted in neutral areas in 1951.

Today in history 8/3/2017


Today in history, Christopher Columbus leaves Spain on his voyage to the new world in 1492.

Today in history, Mary Tudor (see picture below), the new Queen of England, enters London in 1553.

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Today in history, Henry Hudson (see picture below) of England discovers a great bay on the east coast of Canada and names it for himself in 1610.

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Today in history, Federal gunboats attack but do not capture Fort Gains, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, Alabama in 1864.

Today in historyGermany declares war on France in 1914.

Today in history, Chinese troops under American General Joseph Stilwell take the town of Myitkyina from the Japanese in 1945.

Today in history, Radio Shack unveils TRS-80 personal computer (see picture below), which with Apple and Commodore would form the  Its price and Radio Shack’s established retail outlets made it a bestseller for several years.

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