Today in history, The Pilgrims sail from England on the Mayflower in 1620.
Today in history, A revolution for independence breaks out in Mexico in 1810.
Today in history, Japan surrenders Hong Kong to Britain in 1945.
Today in history, The Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia approves the constitution for the United States of America in 1787.
Today in history, The Battle of Antietam in Maryland, the bloodiest day in U.S. history, commences. Fighting in the corn field, Bloody Lane and Burnside’s Bridge rages all day as the Union and Confederate armies suffer a combined 26,293 casualties in 1862.
Today in history, The German Army recaptures the Russian Port of Riga from Russian forces in 1917.
Today in history, James Forestall is sworn in as first the U.S. Secretary of Defense in 1947.
Today in history, George Washington lays the foundation stone for the U.S. Capitol in 1793.
Today in history, Tom Thumb, the first locomotive built in the United States, loses a nine-mile race in Maryland to a horse in 1830.
Today in history, Margaret Chase Smith (see picture below) becomes the first woman elected to the Senate without completing another senator’s term when she defeats Democratic opponent Adrian Scolten. Smith is also the only woman to be elected to and serve in both houses of Congress in 1948.
Today in history, The US television soap opera The Guiding Light broadcasts its final episode, ending a 72-year run that began on radio in 2009.