Today in history 8/10/2017

WordleCh1-508/10/2017:

Today in history, King Francis of France declares that all official documents are to be written in French, not Latin in 1539.

Today in history, Louis XVI of France is arrested and taken into custody as his Swiss Guards are massacred by a Parisian mob in an assault that will become known as the Storming of the Tuileries Palace. The insurrection will be one of the defining events in the history of the French Revolution in 1772.

Today in history, William Driver (see picture below) of Salem, Massachusetts, is the first to use the term “Old Glory” in connection with the American flag, when he gives that name to a large flag aboard his ship, the Charles Daggett in 1831.

Image result for william driver old glory

Today in history, The Smithsonian Institution is established in Washington through the bequest of James Smithson (see picture below) in 1846.

Image result for James Smithson

Today in history, The House of Lords in Great Britain gives up its veto power, making the House of Commons the more powerful House in 1911.

Today in history, The National Military Establishment is renamed the Department of Defense in 1949.

Today in history, NASA launches Discoverer 13 (see picture below), a satellite; it would become the first object ever recovered from orbit in 1960.

Image result for Discoverer 13

Today in history, The last British troops leave Hong Kong. After 156 years of British rule, the island is returned to China in 1997.

Today in history 7/17/2017

WordleCh1-507/17/2017:

Today in history, France defeats England at Castillon, France, ending the Hundred Years’ War in 1453.

Today in history, Ottoman forces, supported by the British, capture Aboukir, Egypt from the French in 1799.

Today in history, The U.S. fleet arrives in Tripoli in 1801.

Today in historyNapoleon Bonaparte (see picture below) surrenders to the British at Rochefort, France in 1815.

Image result for napoleon bonaparte

Today in history, U.S. troops under General William R. Shafter (see picture below) take Santiago de Cuba during the Spanish-American War in 1898.

Image result for General William R. Shafter

Today in history, Chinese communists attack the Nationalist army on the Yangtze River in 1946.

Today in history 5/9/2017

WordleCh1-505/9/2017:

Today in history, Christopher Columbus leaves Spain on his final trip to the New World in 1502.

Today in history, The first newspaper cartoon in America appears in 1754.

Today in history, Union General John Sedgwick is shot and killed by a Confederate sharpshooter during fighting at Spotsylvania. His last words are: “They couldn’t hit an elephant at this dist–“ in 1864.

Today in history, German and French forces fight the Battle of Artois (see picture below) in 1915.

Today in history, Explorers Richard Byrd and Floyd Bennett make the first flight over the North Pole (see picture below) in 1926.

Today in history, The Royal Navy captures the German submarine U-110. Onboard is the latest Enigma machine (see picture below), which will help Allied cryptographers eventually break the German code in 1941.

Today in history, A laser beam is successfully bounced off the moon for the first time in 1962.