Today in history, Mary, Queen of Scots is beheaded in Fotheringhay Castle for her alleged part in the conspiracy to usurp Elizabeth I in 1587.
Today in history, Congress passes the Dawes Act, which gives citizenship to Indians living apart from their tribe in 1887.
Today in history, In a surprise attack at Port Arthur, Korea, the Japanese disable seven Russian warships in 1904.
Today in history, The Boy Scouts of America is incorporated in 1910.
Today in history, Elizabeth becomes Queen of England after her father, King George VI, dies in 1952.
Today in history, South Vietnamese ground forces, backed by American air power, begin Operation Lam Son 719, a 17,000 man incursion into Laos that ends three weeks later in a disaster in 1971.