Today in history 6/21/2017

WordleCh1-506/21/2017:

Today in history, The Peace of Breda ends the Second Anglo-Dutch War as the Dutch cede New Amsterdam to the English in 1667.

Today in historyChristopher Wren begins work on rebuilding St. Paul’s Cathedral in London after the Great Fire in 1675.

Today in history, C. H. McCormick patents the first practical reaper in 1834.

Today in history, Britain celebrates the golden jubilee of Queen Victoria in 1887.

Today in history, Germany uses poison gas for the first time in warfare in the Argonne Forest in 1915.

Today in history, Baseball legend Lou Gehrig (see picture below) is forced to quit baseball because of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis–a disease which wastes muscles in 1939.

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Today in history, Dr. Peter Goldmark (see picture below) demonstrates his “long-playing” record in 1948.

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Today in history 6/3/2017

WordleCh1-506/3/2017:

Today in history, Christian Crusaders of the First Crusade seize Antioch, Turkey in 1098.

Today in history, Hernando De Soto claims Florida for Spain in 1539.

Today in history, The classic baseball poem “Casey at the Bat,” written by Ernest L. Thayer (see picture below), is published in the San Francisco Examiner in 1888.

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Today in history, The Finnish Parliament ratifies a treaty with Germany in 1918.

Today in history, The German Luftwaffe hits Paris with 1,100 bombs in 1940.

Today in history, Astronaut Edward White (see picture below) becomes the first American to walk in space when he exits the Gemini 4 space capsule in 1965.

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Today in history, The Chinese government begins its crackdown on pro-democracy activists in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square (see picture below). Hundreds are killed and thousands are arrested in 1989.

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Today in history 5/30/2017

WordleCh1-505/30/2017:

Today in history, The University of Marburg is founded in Germany in 1527.

Today in history, Hernando de Soto (see picture below) lands in Florida with 600 soldiers in search of gold in 1539.

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Today in history, The first American daily newspaper, The Pennsylvania Evening Post, begins publishing in Philadelphia in 1783.

Today in history, William Young patents the ice cream freezer (see picture below)  in 1848.

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Today in history, Memorial Day begins when two women place flowers on both Confederate and Union graves in 1868.

Today in history, The First Balkan War ends in 1913.

Today in history, The U.S. Navy transfers the Teapot Dome oil reserves to the Department of the Interior in 1921.

Today in history, NASA launches Mariner 9 (see picture below), the first satellite to orbit Mars in 1971.

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Today in history 5/27/2017

WordleCh1-505/27/2017:

Today in history,  John Calvin (see picture below),, one of the dominant figures of the Protestant Reformation, dies in Geneva in 1564.

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Today in history,  Three colonists are expelled from Massachusetts for being Baptists in 1668.

Today in history,  The Bubonic Plague breaks out in San Francisco in 1907.

Today in history,  A U.S. Navy seaplane completes the first transatlantic flight in 1919.

Today in history,  San Francisco’s Golden Gate Bridge (see picture below) opens in 1937.

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Today in history, The German battleship Bismarck (see picture below), is sunk by British naval and air forces in 1941.

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Today in history, A military coup overthrows the democratic government of Turkey in 1960.

Today in history,  Construction begins on Walt Disney World (see picture below) in Florida in 1969.

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Today in history,  President Richard M. Nixon and Soviet Communist Party chief Leonid Brezhnev sign an arms reduction agreement in 1972.

Today in history 5/7/2017

WordleCh1-505/7/2017:

Today in history, The dome of the church of St. Sophia in Constantinople collapses. Its immediate rebuilding is ordered by Justinian in 558.

Today in history, The Second Council of Lyons opens in France to regulate the election of the pope in 1274.

Today in history, Joan of Arc (see picture below) breaks the English siege of Orleans in 1429.

Today in history, Congress divides the Northwest Territory into two parts. The western part will becomes the Indiana Territory and the eastern section remains the Northwest Territory in 1800.

Today in history, Beethoven’s “Ninth Symphony” premieres in Vienna in 1824.

Today in history, The American Medical Association is formed in Philadelphia in 1847.

Today in history, In the Battle of the Coral Sea  (see picture below). Japanese and American navies attack each other with carrier-launched warplanes. It is the first time in the history of naval warfare where two fleets fought without seeing each other.Two crucial battles in 1942 marked the turning point of the war in the Pacific.

Today in history, Germany signs an unconditional surrender, effectively ending World War II in Europe in 1945.