Today in history 5/30/2020

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Today in history, The University of Marburg is founded in Germany in 1527.

Today in history, Hernando de Soto (see picture below) lands in Florida with 600 soldiers in search of gold in 1539.

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Today in history, The first American daily newspaper, The Pennsylvania Evening Post, begins publishing in Philadelphia in 1783.

Today in history, William Young patents the ice cream freezer (see picture below)  in 1848.

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Today in history, Memorial Day begins when two women place flowers on both Confederate and Union graves in 1868.

Today in history, The First Balkan War ends in 1913.

Today in history, The U.S. Navy transfers the Teapot Dome oil reserves to the Department of the Interior in 1921.

Today in history, NASA launches Mariner 9 (see picture below), the first satellite to orbit Mars in 1971.

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Today in history 5/27/2020

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Today in history,  John Calvin (see picture below),, one of the dominant figures of the Protestant Reformation, dies in Geneva in 1564.

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Today in history,  Three colonists are expelled from Massachusetts for being Baptists in 1668.

Today in history,  The Bubonic Plague breaks out in San Francisco in 1907.

Today in history,  A U.S. Navy seaplane completes the first transatlantic flight in 1919.

Today in history,  San Francisco’s Golden Gate Bridge opens in 1937.

Today in history, The German battleship Bismarck (see picture below), is sunk by British naval and air forces in 1941.

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Today in history, A military coup overthrows the democratic government of Turkey in 1960.

Today in history,  Construction begins on Walt Disney World (see picture below) in Florida in 1969.

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Today in history,  President Richard M. Nixon and Soviet Communist Party chief Leonid Brezhnev sign an arms reduction agreement in 1972.

Today in history 5/7/2020

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Today in history, The dome of the church of St. Sophia in Constantinople collapses. Its immediate rebuilding is ordered by Justinian in 558.

Today in history, The Second Council of Lyons opens in France to regulate the election of the pope in 1274.

Today in history, Joan of Arc (see picture below) breaks the English siege of Orleans in 1429.

Today in history, Congress divides the Northwest Territory into two parts. The western part will becomes the Indiana Territory and the eastern section remains the Northwest Territory in 1800.

Today in history, Beethoven’s “Ninth Symphony” premieres in Vienna in 1824.

Today in history, The American Medical Association is formed in Philadelphia in 1847.

Today in history, In the Battle of the Coral Sea  (see picture below). Japanese and American navies attack each other with carrier-launched warplanes. It is the first time in the history of naval warfare where two fleets fought without seeing each other.Two crucial battles in 1942 marked the turning point of the war in the Pacific.

Today in history, Germany signs an unconditional surrender, effectively ending World War II in Europe in 1945.

Today in history 4/19/2020

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Today in history, Emperor Charles V reaches a truce with German Protestants at Frankfurt, Germany in 1539.

Today in history, The American Revolution begins as fighting breaks out at Lexington, Massachusetts in 1775.

Today in history, The Netherlands recognizes the United States in 1782.

Today in history, English poet Lord George Gordon Byron (see picture below) dies of malaria at age 36 while aiding Greek independence in 1824.

Today in historyThe Times war correspondent telephones a report of the Battle of Ahmed Khel, the first time news is sent from a field of battle in this manner in 1880.

Today in history, Shirley Temple (see picture below) appears in her first movie in 1934.

Today in history, Connecticut finally approves the Bill of Rights in 1939.

Today in history, The Warsaw Ghetto uprising against Nazi rule begins in 1943.

Today in history, Baseball uniforms begin displaying player’s names on their backs in 1960.

Today in history, Alex Haley (see picture below) receives a special Pulitzer Prize for his book Roots.

Today in history, NASA names Sally Ride (see picture below) to be the first woman astronaut in 1982.

Today in history 3/24/2020

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Today in history, Charles II of England awards land known as Carolina in North America to eight members of the nobility who assisted in his restoration in 1663.

Today in history, In London, Roger Williams (see picture below) is granted a charter to colonize Rhode Island in 1664.

Today in history, In Germany, the supremely talented Johann Sebastian Bach (see picture below) publishes the Six Brandenburg Concertos in 1721.

Today in history, Mayor Van Wyck of New York breaks ground for the New York subway tunnel that will link Manhattan and Brooklyn in 1900.

Today in history, Congress proposes limiting the United States presidency to two terms in 1947.

Today in history, Tennessee Williams’ play Cat on a Hot Tin Roof opens at the Morosco Theatre in New York City in 1955.

Today in historyElvis Presley (see picture below) trades in his guitar for a rifle and Army fatigues in 1958.

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Today in history, The Freedom Marchers, citizens for civil rights, reach Montgomery, Alabama in 1965.

Today in history, The Exxon Valdez, an oil tanker, spills 240,000 barrels of oil in Alaska’s Prince William Sound in 1989.

Today in history, NATO planes, including stealth aircraft, attack Serbian forces in Kosovo in 1999.