Today in history 8/21/2017



Today in history, The warrior Yoritomo (see picture below) is made Shogun without equal in Japan in 1129.

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Today in history, France surrenders the island of Corsica to the British in 1794.

Today in history, The first of a series of debates begins between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas. Douglas goes on to win the Senate seat in November, but Lincoln gains national visibility for the first time in 1858.

Today in history, The Mona Lisa, the famous painting by Leonardo da Vinci, is stolen from the Louvre in Paris, where it had hung for more than 100 years. It is recovered in 1913 in 1911.

Today in history, U.S. Marines turn back the first major Japanese ground attack on Guadalcanal in the Battle of Tenaru in 1942.

Today in history, Hawaii is admitted into the Union in 1959.

Today in history, Mary Langdon (see picture below) in Battle, East Sussex, becomes Britain’s first firewoman in 1976.

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Today in history 8/19/2017-8/20/2017



Today in history, Five women are hanged in Salem, Massachusetts after being convicted of the crime of witchcraft. Fourteen more people are executed that year and 150 others are imprisoned in 1692.

Today in history, The USS Constitution (see picture below) earns the nickname “Old Ironsides” during the battle off Nova Scotia that saw her defeat the HMS Guerriere in 1812.

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Today in history, Edith Sampson (see picture below) becomes the first African-American representative to the United Nations in 1950.

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Today in history, The first balloon flight to exceed 100,000 feet takes off from Crosby, Minnesota in 1957.


Today in history, John Milton (see picture below) publishes Paradise Lost, an epic poem about the fall of Adam and Eve in 1667.

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Today in history, Dublin’s Abbey Theatre is founded, an outgrowth of the Irish Literary Theatre founded in 1899 by William Butler Yeats and Lady Gregory (see picture below) in 1904.

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Today in history, Radar is used for the first time, by the British during the Battle of Britain. Also on this day, in a radio broadcast, Winston Churchill makes his famous homage to the Royal Air Force: “Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few” in 1940.

Today in history, The USSR recovers 2 dogs, Belka and Strelka, the first animals to be launched into orbit and returned alive (Sputnik 5) in 1960.

Today in history 8/18/2017


Today in history, In the Roanoke Island colony, Ellinor and Ananias Dare become parents of a baby girl whom they name Virginia, the first English child born in what would become the United States in 1587.

Today in history, John White, the leader of 117 colonists sent in 1587 to Roanoke Island (North Carolina) to establish a colony, returns from a trip to England to find the settlement deserted. No trace of the settlers is ever found in 1590.

Today in history, Poet and artist William Blake marries Catherine Sophia Boucher in 1782.

Today in history, Prussian forces defeat the French at the Battle of Gravelotte during the Franco-Prussian War in 1870.

Today in history, Adolph Ochs (see picture below) takes over the New York Times, saying his aim is to give “the news, all the news, in concise and attractive form, in language that is permissible in good society, and give it early, if not earlier, than it can be learned through any other medium” in 1898.

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Today in history, Tennessee becomes the thirty-sixth state to ratify the nineteenth amendment granting women’s suffrage, completing the three-quarters necessary to put the amendment into effect in 1920.

Today in historyHank Aaron (see picture below) makes his 1,378th extra-base hit, surpassing Stan Musial’s record in 1973.

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Today in history 8/17/2017


Today in history, By the Treaty of Abo, Sweden cedes southeast Finland to Russia, ending Sweden’s failed war with Russia in 1743.

Today in historyNapoleon Bonaparte‘s army defeats the Russians at the Battle of Smolensk during the Russian retreat to Moscow in 1812.

Today in history, The first steam ship to cross the Atlantic entirely on its own power, the Canadian ship Royal William (see picture below), begins her journey from Nova Scotia to The Isle of Wight in 1833.

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Today in history, Union gunboats attack Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina, for the first time in 1863.

Today in history, Upon hearing confirmation that Japan has surrendered, Sukarno proclaims Indonesia’s independence in 1945.

Today in history, Three Americans complete the first crossing of the Atlantic in a balloon in 1978.

Today in history 8/16/2017


Today in history, Henry VIII of England and Emperor Maximilian defeat the French at Guinegate, France, in the Battle of the Spurs in 1513.

Today in history, U.S. President James Buchanan and Britain’s Queen Victoria exchange messages inaugurating the first transatlantic telegraph line in 1858.

Today in history, Gold is discovered in the Klondike of Canada’s Yukon Territory, setting off the Klondike Gold Rush in 1896.

Today in history, The two-person crew of the L-8 (see picture below), a U.S. Navy blimp, disappears without a trace on a routine anti-submarine patrol over the Pacific Ocean. The blimp drifts without her crew and crash-lands in Daly City, California in 1942.

Today in history, The safe of the sunken ocean liner Andrea Doria (see picture below) is opened on TV after three decades, revealing cash and certificates but no other valuables in 1984.

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