Today in history 8/10/2017

WordleCh1-508/10/2017:

Today in history, King Francis of France declares that all official documents are to be written in French, not Latin in 1539.

Today in history, Louis XVI of France is arrested and taken into custody as his Swiss Guards are massacred by a Parisian mob in an assault that will become known as the Storming of the Tuileries Palace. The insurrection will be one of the defining events in the history of the French Revolution in 1772.

Today in history, William Driver (see picture below) of Salem, Massachusetts, is the first to use the term “Old Glory” in connection with the American flag, when he gives that name to a large flag aboard his ship, the Charles Daggett in 1831.

Image result for william driver old glory

Today in history, The Smithsonian Institution is established in Washington through the bequest of James Smithson (see picture below) in 1846.

Image result for James Smithson

Today in history, The House of Lords in Great Britain gives up its veto power, making the House of Commons the more powerful House in 1911.

Today in history, The National Military Establishment is renamed the Department of Defense in 1949.

Today in history, NASA launches Discoverer 13 (see picture below), a satellite; it would become the first object ever recovered from orbit in 1960.

Image result for Discoverer 13

Today in history, The last British troops leave Hong Kong. After 156 years of British rule, the island is returned to China in 1997.

Today in history 4/5/2017

WordleCh1-50

4/5/2017:

Today in history, Russian troops repel an invasion by Teutonic knights in 1242.

Today in historyPocahontas (see picture below) marries English colonist John Rolfe in 1614.

Today in historyGeorge Washington casts the first presidential veto in 1792.

Today in history, Queen Victoria proclaims Hong Kong a British crown colony in 1843.

Today in historyGideon Welles, the Secretary of the Navy issues official orders for the USS Powhatan to sail to Fort Sumter in 1861.

Today in history, The Japanese Army reaches Yalu River as Russians retreat in 1908.

Today in history, Mahatma Gandhi (see picture below) defies British law by making salt in India instead of buying it from the British in 1930.

Today in history, Americans Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are sentenced to death for espionage in 1951.

Today in historyWinston Churchill resigns as British prime minister in 1955.