Today in history 2/9/2020

Today in history, The USS Constellation captures the French frigate Insurgente off the West Indies in 1799.

Today in history, The House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams, sixth U.S. President in 1825.

Today in history, Union General George Armstrong Custer marries Elizabeth Bacon in their hometown of Monroe, Mich. in 1864.

Today in history, Japanese troops land near Seoul, Korea, after disabling two Russian cruisers in 1904.

Today in history, The U.S. Congress establishes the World War Foreign Debt Commission in 1922.

Today in history, Chiang Kai-shek meets with Sir Stafford Cripps, the British viceroy in India in 1942.

Today in history, The Red Army takes back Kursk 15 months after it fell to the Germans in 1943.

Today in history, Actress Greta Garbo gets U.S. citizenship in 1951.

Today in history, Nelson Mandela becomes the first black president of South Africa in 1994.

Today in history 2/8/2020

Today in history, Mary, Queen of Scots is beheaded in Fotheringhay Castle for her alleged part in the conspiracy to usurp Elizabeth I in 1587.

Today in history, At Eylau, Napoleon‘s Marshal Pierre Agureau attacks Russian forces in a heavy snowstorm in 1807.

Today in history, Union troops under Gen. Ambrose Burnside defeat a Confederate defense force at the Battle of Roanoke Island, N.C. in 1862.

Today in history, Congress passes the Dawes Act, which gives citizenship to Indians living apart from their tribe in 1887.

Today in history, In a surprise attack at Port Arthur, Korea, the Japanese disable seven Russian warships in 1904.

Today in history, The Boy Scouts of America is incorporated in 1910.

Today in history, Elizabeth becomes Queen of England after her father, King George VI, dies in 1952.

Today in history, South Vietnamese ground forces, backed by American air power, begin Operation Lam Son 719, a 17,000 man incursion into Laos that ends three weeks later in a disaster in 1971.

Today in history 1/21/2020

Today in history, Philip Augustus, Henry II of England, and Frederick Barbarossa assemble the troops for the Third Crusade in 1189.

Today in history, In Maryland, the first woman lawyer in the colonies, Margaret Brent, is denied a vote in the Maryland Assembly in 1648.

Today in history, Chippewa, Delaware, Ottawa and Wyandot Indians sign the treaty of Fort McIntosh, ceding present-day Ohio to the United States in 1785.

Today in history, Joseph Guillotine proposes a new, more humane method of execution: a machine designed to cut off the condemned person’s head as painlessly as possible in 1790.

Today in history, The French King Louis XVI is guillotined for treason in 1793.

Today in history, Japan rejects the American proposal to neutralize ownership of the Manchurian Railway in 1910.

Today in history, J.D. Rockefeller pledges $1 million for the relief of Europe’s destitute in 1921.

Today in history, In North Africa, German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel launches a drive to push the British eastward. While the British benefited from radio-intercept-derived Ultra information, the Germans enjoyed an even speedier intelligence source in 1942.

Today in history, A Nazi daylight air raid kills 34 in a London school in 1943. When the anticipated invasion of Britain failed to materialize in 1940, Londoners relaxed, but soon they faced a frightening new threat.

Today in history, Communist troops force the UN army out of Inchon, Korea after a 12-hour attack in 1951.

Today in history, The Soviet Union calls for a ban on nuclear arms in Baghdad Pact countries in 1958.

Today in history, Leonid Brezhnev and Henry Kissinger meet to discuss Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT) in 1976.

Today in history 9/8/2017


Today in history, Michelangelo’s 13-foot marble statue of David is unveiled in Florence, Italy in 1504.

Today in history, The Dutch colony of New Amsterdam surrenders to the British fleet that sails into its harbor. Five years later, the British change the name to New York in 1644.

Today in history, The French surrender the city of Montreal to the British in 1760.

Today in history, Confederate Lieutenant Dick Dowling (see picture below) thwarts a Union naval landing at Sabine Pass, northeast of Galveston, Texas in 1863.

Image result for  Confederate Lieutenant Dick Dowling

Today in history, Robert Turner invents the automatic typewriter return carriage in 1906.

Today in history, Korea is partitioned by the Soviet Union and the United States in 1945.

Today in history, The Kennedy Center opens in Washington, DC with a performance of Leonard Bernstein’s Mass in 1971.

Today in history 8/6/2017


Today in historyJohn Cabot (see picture below) returns to England after his first successful journey to the Labrador coast.

Image result for John Cabot 

Today in history, The CSS Alabama captures the USS Sea Bride near the Cape of Good Hope in 1863.

Today in history, The Japanese army in Korea surrounds a Russian army retreating to Manchuria in 1904.

Today in history, Paul Tibbets, the commander of Enola Gay, (see picture below) drops the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan. It was the second atomic bomb, dropped on Nagasaki, that induced the Japanese to surrender in 1945.

Image result for Enola Gay

Today in historyPresident Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act, outlawing the literacy test for voting eligibility in the South in 1965.