Today in history 5/21/2020

WordleCh1-50Today in history, Sixteen year old Otto III is crowned the Roman Emperor in 996.

Today in history, The Reformation is officially adopted in Geneva, Switzerland in 1536.

Today in history, Present-day Martha’s Vineyard is first sighted by Captain Bartholomew Gosnold in 1620.

Today in history, Paris is divided into 48 zones in 1790.

Today in history, The Democratic party holds its first national convention in 1832.

Today in history, The American Red Cross is founded by Clara Barton (see picture below) in 1881.

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Today in historyCharles Lindbergh (see picture below) lands in Paris completing the first solo air crossing of the Atlantic in 1927.

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Today in history, The U.S. Eighth Army counterattacks to drive the Communist Chinese and North Koreans out of South Korea in 1951.

Today in history 5/16/2020

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Today in history, Marie Antoinette marries future King Louis XVI of France in 1770.

Today in history, The Treaty of Gandamak between Russia and England sets up the Afghan state in 1879.

Today in historyJoan of Arc (see picture below) is canonized in Rome in 1920.

Today in history, The first Academy Awards are held in Hollywood in 1928.

Today in history, A specially trained and equipped Royal Air Force squadron destroys two river dams in Germany in 1943.

Today in history, Chinese Communist Forces launch second phase of the Chinese Spring Offensive in the Korean War and gain up to 20 miles of territory in 1951.

Today in history, After 22 Earth orbits, Gordon Cooper (see picture below) returns to Earth, ending the last mission of Project Mercury in 1963.

Today in history 4/11/2020

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Today in history, The forces of the Holy League are heavily defeated by the French at the Battle of Ravenna in 1512.

Today in history, The Treaty of Utrecht is signed, ending the War of Spanish Succession. France cedes its Maritime provinces to Britain in 1713.

Today in history, After receiving a copy of the provisional treaty on 13 March, Congress proclaims a formal end to hostilities with Great Britain in 1783.

Today in history, American President William McKinley (see picture below) asks Congress for a declaration of war with Spain in 1898.

Today in history, German bombers blitz Coventry, England in 1941.

Today in history, President Truman fires General Douglas MacArthur (see picture below) as head of United Nations forces in Korea in 1951.

Today in history, Adolf Eichmann, Nazi Germany’s chief architect of the Holocaust in World War II, stands trial in Jerusalem on 15 charges that include war crimes, crimes against humanity, and crimes against the Jewish people. In covering the trial for The New Yorker, Hannah Arendt coins the phrase “the banality of evil” in reference to Eichmann in 1961.

Today in history, Folk singer Bob Dylan performs in New York City for the first time, opening for John Lee Hooker (see picture below) in 1961.

Today in history, President Johnson signs the 1968 Civil Rights Act in 1968.

Today in history, Forty-three African nations sign the African Nuclear Weapons Free Zone Treaty in 1996.

Today in history 4/1/2020

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Today in history, The Sea Beggars under Guillaume de la Marck (see picture below) land in Holland and capture the small town of Briel in 1572.

Today in history, Oliver Pollock (see picture below), creates the dollar sign in 1778.

Today in history, The first wartime conscription law goes into effect in the United States in 1863.

Today in history, The Hampton Institute is founded in Hampton, Va. in 1868.

Today in history, Berlin and Paris are linked by telephone in 1905.

Today in history, England’s Royal Air Force is formed in 1918.

Today in history, The yo-yo is introduced in the United States by Louie Marx (see picture below) in 1929.

Today in historyU.S. forces launch invasion of Okinawa in 1945.

Today in history, The Berlin Airlift begins, relieving the surrounded city from the Soviet siege in 1948.

Today in history, United Nations forces again move northward across the 38th Parallel in Korea in 1951.

Today in history,  The U.S. Air Force Academy is founded in Colorado in 1954.

Today in history, The United States transfers control of the Panama Canal Zone to Panama in 1982.

Today in history 2/13/2020

Today in history, Polycarp, a disciple of St. John and Bishop of Smyrna, is martyred on the west coast of Asia Minor in 0167.

Today in history, British Parliament adopts the Bill of Rights in 1689.

Today in history, In the Glen Coe highlands of Scotland, thirty-eight members of the MacDonald clan are murdered by soldiers of the neighboring Campbell clan for not pledging allegiance to William of Orange. Ironically the pledge had been made but not communicated to the clans. The event is remembered as the Massacre of Glencoe in 1692.

Today in history, The four day Battle of Fort Donelson, Tennessee, begins in 1862.

Today in history, Jesse James holds up his first bank in 1866.

Today in history, The American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP) is founded in 1914.

Today in history, First social security checks are put in the mail in 1936.

Today in history, The Royal Air Force Bomber Command devastates the German city of Dresden with night raids by 873 heavy bombers. The attacks are joined by 521 American heavy bombers flying daylight raids in 1945.

Today in history, A mob burns a radio station in Ecuador after the broadcast of H.G. Wells’ “War of the Worlds” in 1949.

Today in history, At the Battle of Chipyong-ni, in Korea, U.N. troops contain the Chinese forces’ offensive in a two-day battle in 1951.

Today in history,  The Pope asks the United States to grant clemency to convicted spies Ethel and Julius Rosenberg in 1953.

Today in history, The United States sends 10,500 more combat troops to Vietnam in 1968.