Today in history 8/10/2017

WordleCh1-508/10/2017:

Today in history, King Francis of France declares that all official documents are to be written in French, not Latin in 1539.

Today in history, Louis XVI of France is arrested and taken into custody as his Swiss Guards are massacred by a Parisian mob in an assault that will become known as the Storming of the Tuileries Palace. The insurrection will be one of the defining events in the history of the French Revolution in 1772.

Today in history, William Driver (see picture below) of Salem, Massachusetts, is the first to use the term “Old Glory” in connection with the American flag, when he gives that name to a large flag aboard his ship, the Charles Daggett in 1831.

Image result for william driver old glory

Today in history, The Smithsonian Institution is established in Washington through the bequest of James Smithson (see picture below) in 1846.

Image result for James Smithson

Today in history, The House of Lords in Great Britain gives up its veto power, making the House of Commons the more powerful House in 1911.

Today in history, The National Military Establishment is renamed the Department of Defense in 1949.

Today in history, NASA launches Discoverer 13 (see picture below), a satellite; it would become the first object ever recovered from orbit in 1960.

Image result for Discoverer 13

Today in history, The last British troops leave Hong Kong. After 156 years of British rule, the island is returned to China in 1997.

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Today in history 7/10/2017

WordleCh1-507/10/2017:

Today in history, The Spanish explorer Hernan Cortes is driven from Tenochtitlan and retreats to Tlaxcala in 1520.

Today in history, The Catholic states in Germany set up a league under the leadership of Maximilian of Bavaria in 1609.

Today in history, In support of the American Revolution, Louis XVI declares war on England in 1778.

Today in history, Dr. Daniel Hale Williams (see picture below) performs the first successful open-heart surgery, without the benefit of penicillin or blood transfusion in 1893.

Today in history, The trial of Tennessee teacher John T. Scopes opens, with Clarence Darrow (see picture below) appearing for the defense and William Jennings Bryan for the prosecution in 1925.

Image result for Clarence Darrow

Today in history, The satellite Telstar is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, beaming live television from Europe to the United States in 1962.

Today in history, “(I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction” becomes the Rolling Stones’ first No. 1 single in the USA in 1965.

Today in history, Singer Bobbie Gentry records “Ode to Billie Joe,” which will become a country music classic and win 4 Grammys in 1967.

Today in history, Coca-Cola Co. announces it will resume selling “old formula Coke,” following a public outcry and falling sales of its “new Coke” in 1985.