Today in history 8/23/2017

WordleCh1-508/23/2017:

Today in history, Jacques Cartier lands near Quebec on his third voyage to North America in 1541.

Today in history, After 11 years of war, Spain grants Mexican independence as a constitutional monarchy in 1821.

Today in historyBooker T. Washington (see picture below) forms the National Negro Business League in Boston, Massachusetts in 1900.

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Today in history, Fanny Farmer (see picture below), among the first to emphasize the relationship of diet to health, opens her School of Cookery in Boston in 1902.

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Today in history, German forces begin an assault on the major Soviet industrial city of Stalingrad in 1942.

Today in history, Lunar Orbiter 1 takes the first photograph of Earth (see picture below) from the moon in 1966.

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Today in history, A 5.8 earthquake centered at Mineral, Virginia, damages the Washington Monument, forcing the landmark to close for repairs in 2011.

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Today in history 8/19/2017-8/20/2017

WordleCh1-50

8/19/2017:

Today in history, Five women are hanged in Salem, Massachusetts after being convicted of the crime of witchcraft. Fourteen more people are executed that year and 150 others are imprisoned in 1692.

Today in history, The USS Constitution (see picture below) earns the nickname “Old Ironsides” during the battle off Nova Scotia that saw her defeat the HMS Guerriere in 1812.

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Today in history, Edith Sampson (see picture below) becomes the first African-American representative to the United Nations in 1950.

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Today in history, The first balloon flight to exceed 100,000 feet takes off from Crosby, Minnesota in 1957.

8/20/2017:

Today in history, John Milton (see picture below) publishes Paradise Lost, an epic poem about the fall of Adam and Eve in 1667.

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Today in history, Dublin’s Abbey Theatre is founded, an outgrowth of the Irish Literary Theatre founded in 1899 by William Butler Yeats and Lady Gregory (see picture below) in 1904.

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Today in history, Radar is used for the first time, by the British during the Battle of Britain. Also on this day, in a radio broadcast, Winston Churchill makes his famous homage to the Royal Air Force: “Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few” in 1940.

Today in history, The USSR recovers 2 dogs, Belka and Strelka, the first animals to be launched into orbit and returned alive (Sputnik 5) in 1960.

Today in history 8/10/2017

WordleCh1-508/10/2017:

Today in history, King Francis of France declares that all official documents are to be written in French, not Latin in 1539.

Today in history, Louis XVI of France is arrested and taken into custody as his Swiss Guards are massacred by a Parisian mob in an assault that will become known as the Storming of the Tuileries Palace. The insurrection will be one of the defining events in the history of the French Revolution in 1772.

Today in history, William Driver (see picture below) of Salem, Massachusetts, is the first to use the term “Old Glory” in connection with the American flag, when he gives that name to a large flag aboard his ship, the Charles Daggett in 1831.

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Today in history, The Smithsonian Institution is established in Washington through the bequest of James Smithson (see picture below) in 1846.

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Today in history, The House of Lords in Great Britain gives up its veto power, making the House of Commons the more powerful House in 1911.

Today in history, The National Military Establishment is renamed the Department of Defense in 1949.

Today in history, NASA launches Discoverer 13 (see picture below), a satellite; it would become the first object ever recovered from orbit in 1960.

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Today in history, The last British troops leave Hong Kong. After 156 years of British rule, the island is returned to China in 1997.

Today in history 6/29/2017

WordleCh1-506/29/2017:

Today in history, Ferdinand III (see picture below) of Castile and Leon take Cordoba in Spain in 1236.

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Today in history, Massachusetts declares itself an independent commonwealth in 1652.

Today in history, France annexes Tahiti in 1880.

Today in history, The Ukraine proclaims independence from Russia in 1917.

Today in history, Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado, and Olympic National Park, Washington, are founded in 1938.

Today in historyPresident Harry S. Truman (see picture below) authorizes a sea blockade of Korea in 1950.

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Today in history, Israel removes barricades, re-unifying Jerusalem in 1967.

Today in history 6/14/2017

WordleCh1-506/14/2017:

Today in history, The Peasants’ Revolt, led by Wat Tyler, climaxes when rebels plunder and burn the Tower of London and kill the Archbishop of Canterbury in 1381.

Today in history, Massachusetts passes the first compulsory education law in the colonies in 1642.

Today in history, The U.S. Army is founded when the Continental Congress authorizes the muster of troops in 1775.

Today in history, Captain William Bligh (see picture below) of the HMS Bounty arrives in Timor in a small boat. He had been forced to leave his ship when his crew mutinied in 1789.

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Today in history, The city of Philadelphia observes the first Flag Day in 1893.

Today in history, Women in Norway win the right to vote in 1907.

Today in history, President Warren G. Harding (see picture below) becomes the first president to speak on the radio in 1922.

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Today in history, The Supreme Court rules that requiring students to salute the American flag is unconstitutional in 1942.

Today in history, Congressman William Gray (see picture below), an African American, is elected Democratic Whip of the House of Representatives in 1989.

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