Today in history 2/6/2020

Today in history, Huguenot rebels and the French sign the Peace of La Rochelle in 1626.

Today in history, France recognizes the United States and signs a treaty of aid in Paris in 1778.

Today in history, Massachusetts becomes the sixth state to ratify the Constitution in 1788.

Today in history, The Battle of Fort Henry, Tenn., begins the Mississippi Valley campaign in 1862.

Today in history, The Dalton Gang commits its first crime, a train robbery in Alila, Calif. in 1891.

Today in history, The Spanish-American War ends in 1899.

Today in history, The Washington Disarmament Conference comes to an end with signature of final treaty forbidding fortification of the Aleutian Islands for 14 years in 1922.

Today in history, Adolf Hitler‘s Third Reich begins press censorship in 1933.

Today in history, The RAF clears the way as British take Benghazi, trapping thousands of Italians in 1941.

Today in history, MacArthur reports the fall of Manila, and the liberation of 5,000 prisoners in 1945.

Today in history, Queen Elizabeth marks her Silver Jubilee in 1977.

Today in history, Civil rights workers begin a march from Carrolton to Montgomery, Alabama in 1982.

Today in history 2/4/2020

Today in history, Harun al-Rashid succeeds his older brother the Abbasid Caliph al-Hadi as Caliph of Baghdad in 0786.

Today in history, Richard I, King of England, is freed from captivity in Germany in 1194.

Today in history, The Proclamation of Trent is made in 1508.

Today in history, Shay’s Rebellion, an uprising of debt-ridden Massachusetts farmers against the new U.S. government, fails in 1787.

Today in history, France abolishes slavery in her territories and confers slaves to citizens in 1795.

Today in history, Harry Longabaugh is released from Sundance Prison in Wyoming, thereby acquiring the famous nickname, “the Sundance Kid” in 1889.

Today in history, The New York Police Department begins finger print identification in 1906.

Today in history, Germany decrees British waters as part of the war zone; all ships to be sunk without warning in 1915.

Today in history, The United Service Organization (U.S.O.) is formed to cater to armed forces and defense industries in 1941.

Today in history, The Big Three, American, British and Soviet leaders, meet in Yalta to discuss the war aims in 1945.

Today in history, Newspaper heiress Patty Hearst is kidnapped by the Symbionese Liberation Army, beginning one of the most bizarre cases in FBI history in 1974.

Today in history, The U.S. Post Office issues a commemorative stamp featuring Sojourner Truth in 1986.

Today in history 8/23/2017

WordleCh1-508/23/2017:

Today in history, Jacques Cartier lands near Quebec on his third voyage to North America in 1541.

Today in history, After 11 years of war, Spain grants Mexican independence as a constitutional monarchy in 1821.

Today in historyBooker T. Washington (see picture below) forms the National Negro Business League in Boston, Massachusetts in 1900.

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Today in history, Fanny Farmer (see picture below), among the first to emphasize the relationship of diet to health, opens her School of Cookery in Boston in 1902.

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Today in history, German forces begin an assault on the major Soviet industrial city of Stalingrad in 1942.

Today in history, Lunar Orbiter 1 takes the first photograph of Earth (see picture below) from the moon in 1966.

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Today in history, A 5.8 earthquake centered at Mineral, Virginia, damages the Washington Monument, forcing the landmark to close for repairs in 2011.

Today in history 8/19/2017-8/20/2017

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8/19/2017:

Today in history, Five women are hanged in Salem, Massachusetts after being convicted of the crime of witchcraft. Fourteen more people are executed that year and 150 others are imprisoned in 1692.

Today in history, The USS Constitution (see picture below) earns the nickname “Old Ironsides” during the battle off Nova Scotia that saw her defeat the HMS Guerriere in 1812.

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Today in history, Edith Sampson (see picture below) becomes the first African-American representative to the United Nations in 1950.

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Today in history, The first balloon flight to exceed 100,000 feet takes off from Crosby, Minnesota in 1957.

8/20/2017:

Today in history, John Milton (see picture below) publishes Paradise Lost, an epic poem about the fall of Adam and Eve in 1667.

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Today in history, Dublin’s Abbey Theatre is founded, an outgrowth of the Irish Literary Theatre founded in 1899 by William Butler Yeats and Lady Gregory (see picture below) in 1904.

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Today in history, Radar is used for the first time, by the British during the Battle of Britain. Also on this day, in a radio broadcast, Winston Churchill makes his famous homage to the Royal Air Force: “Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few” in 1940.

Today in history, The USSR recovers 2 dogs, Belka and Strelka, the first animals to be launched into orbit and returned alive (Sputnik 5) in 1960.

Today in history 8/10/2017

WordleCh1-508/10/2017:

Today in history, King Francis of France declares that all official documents are to be written in French, not Latin in 1539.

Today in history, Louis XVI of France is arrested and taken into custody as his Swiss Guards are massacred by a Parisian mob in an assault that will become known as the Storming of the Tuileries Palace. The insurrection will be one of the defining events in the history of the French Revolution in 1772.

Today in history, William Driver (see picture below) of Salem, Massachusetts, is the first to use the term “Old Glory” in connection with the American flag, when he gives that name to a large flag aboard his ship, the Charles Daggett in 1831.

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Today in history, The Smithsonian Institution is established in Washington through the bequest of James Smithson (see picture below) in 1846.

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Today in history, The House of Lords in Great Britain gives up its veto power, making the House of Commons the more powerful House in 1911.

Today in history, The National Military Establishment is renamed the Department of Defense in 1949.

Today in history, NASA launches Discoverer 13 (see picture below), a satellite; it would become the first object ever recovered from orbit in 1960.

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Today in history, The last British troops leave Hong Kong. After 156 years of British rule, the island is returned to China in 1997.