Today in history 8/10/2017

WordleCh1-508/10/2017:

Today in history, King Francis of France declares that all official documents are to be written in French, not Latin in 1539.

Today in history, Louis XVI of France is arrested and taken into custody as his Swiss Guards are massacred by a Parisian mob in an assault that will become known as the Storming of the Tuileries Palace. The insurrection will be one of the defining events in the history of the French Revolution in 1772.

Today in history, William Driver (see picture below) of Salem, Massachusetts, is the first to use the term “Old Glory” in connection with the American flag, when he gives that name to a large flag aboard his ship, the Charles Daggett in 1831.

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Today in history, The Smithsonian Institution is established in Washington through the bequest of James Smithson (see picture below) in 1846.

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Today in history, The House of Lords in Great Britain gives up its veto power, making the House of Commons the more powerful House in 1911.

Today in history, The National Military Establishment is renamed the Department of Defense in 1949.

Today in history, NASA launches Discoverer 13 (see picture below), a satellite; it would become the first object ever recovered from orbit in 1960.

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Today in history, The last British troops leave Hong Kong. After 156 years of British rule, the island is returned to China in 1997.

Today in history 6/29/2017

WordleCh1-506/29/2017:

Today in history, Ferdinand III (see picture below) of Castile and Leon take Cordoba in Spain in 1236.

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Today in history, Massachusetts declares itself an independent commonwealth in 1652.

Today in history, France annexes Tahiti in 1880.

Today in history, The Ukraine proclaims independence from Russia in 1917.

Today in history, Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado, and Olympic National Park, Washington, are founded in 1938.

Today in historyPresident Harry S. Truman (see picture below) authorizes a sea blockade of Korea in 1950.

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Today in history, Israel removes barricades, re-unifying Jerusalem in 1967.

Today in history 6/14/2017

WordleCh1-506/14/2017:

Today in history, The Peasants’ Revolt, led by Wat Tyler, climaxes when rebels plunder and burn the Tower of London and kill the Archbishop of Canterbury in 1381.

Today in history, Massachusetts passes the first compulsory education law in the colonies in 1642.

Today in history, The U.S. Army is founded when the Continental Congress authorizes the muster of troops in 1775.

Today in history, Captain William Bligh (see picture below) of the HMS Bounty arrives in Timor in a small boat. He had been forced to leave his ship when his crew mutinied in 1789.

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Today in history, The city of Philadelphia observes the first Flag Day in 1893.

Today in history, Women in Norway win the right to vote in 1907.

Today in history, President Warren G. Harding (see picture below) becomes the first president to speak on the radio in 1922.

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Today in history, The Supreme Court rules that requiring students to salute the American flag is unconstitutional in 1942.

Today in history, Congressman William Gray (see picture below), an African American, is elected Democratic Whip of the House of Representatives in 1989.

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Today in history 5/27/2017

WordleCh1-505/27/2017:

Today in history,  John Calvin (see picture below),, one of the dominant figures of the Protestant Reformation, dies in Geneva in 1564.

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Today in history,  Three colonists are expelled from Massachusetts for being Baptists in 1668.

Today in history,  The Bubonic Plague breaks out in San Francisco in 1907.

Today in history,  A U.S. Navy seaplane completes the first transatlantic flight in 1919.

Today in history,  San Francisco’s Golden Gate Bridge (see picture below) opens in 1937.

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Today in history, The German battleship Bismarck (see picture below), is sunk by British naval and air forces in 1941.

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Today in history, A military coup overthrows the democratic government of Turkey in 1960.

Today in history,  Construction begins on Walt Disney World (see picture below) in Florida in 1969.

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Today in history,  President Richard M. Nixon and Soviet Communist Party chief Leonid Brezhnev sign an arms reduction agreement in 1972.

Today in history 4/19/2017

WordleCh1-504/19/2017:

Today in history, Emperor Charles V reaches a truce with German Protestants at Frankfurt, Germany in 1539.

Today in history, The American Revolution begins as fighting breaks out at Lexington, Massachusetts in 1775.

Today in history, The Netherlands recognizes the United States in 1782.

Today in history, English poet Lord George Gordon Byron (see picture below) dies of malaria at age 36 while aiding Greek independence in 1824.

Today in historyThe Times war correspondent telephones a report of the Battle of Ahmed Khel, the first time news is sent from a field of battle in this manner in 1880.

Today in history, Shirley Temple (see picture below) appears in her first movie in 1934.

Today in history, Connecticut finally approves the Bill of Rights in 1939.

Today in history, The Warsaw Ghetto uprising against Nazi rule begins in 1943.

Today in history, Baseball uniforms begin displaying player’s names on their backs in 1960.

Today in history, Alex Haley (see picture below) receives a special Pulitzer Prize for his book Roots.

Today in history, NASA names Sally Ride (see picture below) to be the first woman astronaut in 1982.