Today in history 8/10/2017


Today in history, King Francis of France declares that all official documents are to be written in French, not Latin in 1539.

Today in history, Louis XVI of France is arrested and taken into custody as his Swiss Guards are massacred by a Parisian mob in an assault that will become known as the Storming of the Tuileries Palace. The insurrection will be one of the defining events in the history of the French Revolution in 1772.

Today in history, William Driver (see picture below) of Salem, Massachusetts, is the first to use the term “Old Glory” in connection with the American flag, when he gives that name to a large flag aboard his ship, the Charles Daggett in 1831.

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Today in history, The Smithsonian Institution is established in Washington through the bequest of James Smithson (see picture below) in 1846.

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Today in history, The House of Lords in Great Britain gives up its veto power, making the House of Commons the more powerful House in 1911.

Today in history, The National Military Establishment is renamed the Department of Defense in 1949.

Today in history, NASA launches Discoverer 13 (see picture below), a satellite; it would become the first object ever recovered from orbit in 1960.

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Today in history, The last British troops leave Hong Kong. After 156 years of British rule, the island is returned to China in 1997.


Today in history 6/9/2017


Today in history, Coimbra, Portugal falls to Ferdinand, king of Castile in 1064.

Today in historyJacques Cartier sails into the mouth of the St. Lawrence River in Canada in 1534.

Today in history, Mary Ann “Mother” Bickerdyke (see picture below) begins working in Union hospitals in 1861.

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Today in history, Robert H. Goddard patents a rocket-fueled aircraft design in 1931.

Today in history, Japanese Premier Kantaro Suzuki declares that Japan will fight to the last rather than accept unconditional surrender in 1945.

Today in history, NASA publishes a report on the Challenger accident in 1986.

Today in history 5/30/2017


Today in history, The University of Marburg is founded in Germany in 1527.

Today in history, Hernando de Soto (see picture below) lands in Florida with 600 soldiers in search of gold in 1539.

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Today in history, The first American daily newspaper, The Pennsylvania Evening Post, begins publishing in Philadelphia in 1783.

Today in history, William Young patents the ice cream freezer (see picture below)  in 1848.

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Today in history, Memorial Day begins when two women place flowers on both Confederate and Union graves in 1868.

Today in history, The First Balkan War ends in 1913.

Today in history, The U.S. Navy transfers the Teapot Dome oil reserves to the Department of the Interior in 1921.

Today in history, NASA launches Mariner 9 (see picture below), the first satellite to orbit Mars in 1971.

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Today in history 1/23/2017



Today in history, A great fire ravages Montreal, resulting in $2.5 million in property lost in 1901.

Today in historyFranklin D. Roosevelt enters the presidential race in 1932.

Today in history, Jerusalem becomes the official capital of Israel in 1950.

Today in historyNASA unveils moon-landing craft (see picture below) in 1969.


Today in history, President Richard Nixon claims that Vietnam peace has been reached in Paris and that the POWs would be home in 60 days in 1973.

Today in history, Alex Haley’s Roots (see picture below) begins a record-breaking eight-night broadcast on ABC in 1977.


Today in history 7/31/2016-8/6/2016



Today in history, The U.S. Patent Office opens in 1790.

Today in history, The Trans-Siberian railroad connecting the Ural mountains with Russia’s Pacific coast, is completed in 1904.

Today in historyApollo 15 astronauts (see picture below) take a drive on the moon in their land rover in 1971.

Today in history, Bosnia-Herzegovina declares independence from Yugoslavia in 1990.


Today in history, Robert Carter III, a Virginia plantation owner, frees all 500 of his slaves in the largest private emancipation in U.S. history in 1791. An 1839 mutiny aboard a Spanish ship in Cuban waters raised basic questions about freedom and slavery in the United States.

Today in history, A machine for making shredded wheat breakfast cereal is patented in 1893.

Today in history, The Polish underground begins an uprising against the occupying German army, as theRed Army approaches Warsaw in 1944.

Today in history, Singer Chubby Checker (see picture below) releases “The Twist,” creating a new dance craze. The song had been released by Hank Ballard and the Midnighters the previous year but got little attention in 1960.

Today in history, Arthur Ashe becomes the first African-American to play on the U.S. Davis Cup tennis team in 1964.

Today in history, Conservative commentator Rush Limbaugh begins his national radio show in 1988.


Today in history, Caesar defeats Pharnaces at Zela in Syria and declares, “veni, vidi, vici,” (I came, I saw, I conquered) in 46 BC.

Today in history, The treaty of Passau gives religious freedom to Protestants living in Germany in 1552.

Today in history, The Continental Congress, having decided unanimously to make the Declaration of Independence, affixes the signatures of the other delegates to the document in 1776.

Today in historyWild Bill Hickok (see picture below) is shot while playing poker in 1876.

Today in history, Author William S. Burroughs (Naked Lunch), considered the godfather of the “Beat Generation” in American literature, dies at age 83 in 1997.



Today in history, Christopher Columbus leaves Spain on his voyage to the new world in 1492.

Today in history, Henry Hudson (see picture) below of England discovers a great bay on the east coast of Canada and names it for himself in 1610.

Today in historyGermany declares war on France in 1914.

Today in history, US commits naval forces to Persian Gulf region in wake of Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait in 1990.



Today in history, King Henry III puts down a revolt of English barons lead by Simon de Montfort in 1265.

Today in history, The Revenue Cutter service, the parent service of the U.S. Navy and Coast Guard, is organized in 1790.

Today in history, Germany invades Belgium causing Great Britain to declare war on Germany in 1914.

Today in history, Helicopters from the U.S. Air Force Air Rescue Service land in Germany, completing the first transatlantic flight by helicopter in 51 hours and 55 minutes of flight time in 1952 .

Today in history, NASA launches Phoenix spacecraft (see picture below) on a mission to Mars in 2007.



Today in historyHarriet Tubman receives a pension from Congress for her work as a nurse, spy and scout during the Civil War in 1892.

Today in history, Actress Marilyn Monroe (see picture below) dies under mysterious circumstances in 1962.

Today in history, The first transatlantic cable is completed in 1858.



Today in historyJohn Cabot returns to England after his first successful journey to the Labrador coast in 1497.

Today in history, Paul Tibbets, the commander of Enola Gay, drops the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan. It was the second atomic bomb, dropped on Nagasaki, that induced the Japanese to surrender in 1945.

Today in history, Argentina’s ex-resident Isabel Peron (see picture below) freed from house arrest in 1981.