Today in history, The U.S. Patent Office opens in 1790.
Today in history, The Trans-Siberian railroad connecting the Ural mountains with Russia’s Pacific coast, is completed in 1904.
Today in history, Apollo 15 astronauts (see picture below) take a drive on the moon in their land rover in 1971.
Today in history, Bosnia-Herzegovina declares independence from Yugoslavia in 1990.
Today in history, Robert Carter III, a Virginia plantation owner, frees all 500 of his slaves in the largest private emancipation in U.S. history in 1791. An 1839 mutiny aboard a Spanish ship in Cuban waters raised basic questions about freedom and slavery in the United States.
Today in history, A machine for making shredded wheat breakfast cereal is patented in 1893.
Today in history, The Polish underground begins an uprising against the occupying German army, as theRed Army approaches Warsaw in 1944.
Today in history, Singer Chubby Checker (see picture below) releases “The Twist,” creating a new dance craze. The song had been released by Hank Ballard and the Midnighters the previous year but got little attention in 1960.
Today in history, Arthur Ashe becomes the first African-American to play on the U.S. Davis Cup tennis team in 1964.
Today in history, Conservative commentator Rush Limbaugh begins his national radio show in 1988.
Today in history, Caesar defeats Pharnaces at Zela in Syria and declares, “veni, vidi, vici,” (I came, I saw, I conquered) in 46 BC.
Today in history, The treaty of Passau gives religious freedom to Protestants living in Germany in 1552.
Today in history, The Continental Congress, having decided unanimously to make the Declaration of Independence, affixes the signatures of the other delegates to the document in 1776.
Today in history, Wild Bill Hickok (see picture below) is shot while playing poker in 1876.
Today in history, Author William S. Burroughs (Naked Lunch), considered the godfather of the “Beat Generation” in American literature, dies at age 83 in 1997.
Today in history, Christopher Columbus leaves Spain on his voyage to the new world in 1492.
Today in history, Henry Hudson (see picture) below of England discovers a great bay on the east coast of Canada and names it for himself in 1610.
Today in history, Germany declares war on France in 1914.
Today in history, US commits naval forces to Persian Gulf region in wake of Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait in 1990.
Today in history, King Henry III puts down a revolt of English barons lead by Simon de Montfort in 1265.
Today in history, The Revenue Cutter service, the parent service of the U.S. Navy and Coast Guard, is organized in 1790.
Today in history, Germany invades Belgium causing Great Britain to declare war on Germany in 1914.
Today in history, Helicopters from the U.S. Air Force Air Rescue Service land in Germany, completing the first transatlantic flight by helicopter in 51 hours and 55 minutes of flight time in 1952 .
Today in history, NASA launches Phoenix spacecraft (see picture below) on a mission to Mars in 2007.
Today in history, Harriet Tubman receives a pension from Congress for her work as a nurse, spy and scout during the Civil War in 1892.
Today in history, Actress Marilyn Monroe (see picture below) dies under mysterious circumstances in 1962.
Today in history, The first transatlantic cable is completed in 1858.
Today in history, John Cabot returns to England after his first successful journey to the Labrador coast in 1497.
Today in history, Paul Tibbets, the commander of Enola Gay, drops the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan. It was the second atomic bomb, dropped on Nagasaki, that induced the Japanese to surrender in 1945.
Today in history, Argentina’s ex-resident Isabel Peron (see picture below) freed from house arrest in 1981.