Today in history 8/13/2020-8/14/2020




Today in history, The first African-American nursing school opens at Spelman College in Atlanta, Georgia in 1881.

Today in history, The first coin-operated telephone (see picture below) is patented by William Gray in 1889.

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Today in history, The US Court of Appeals rules Congress must save all emails in 1993.


Today in history, The first book ever printed is published by a German astrologer named Faust (see picture below). He is thrown in jail while trying to sell books in Paris. Authorities concluded that all the identical books meant Faust had dealt with the devil in 1457.

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Today in historyJapan announces its unconditional surrender in World War II in 1945.

Today in historyPakistan becomes an independent country in 1947.

Today in history 8/11/2020-8/12/2020



Today in history, President Abraham Lincoln (see picture below) appoints Union General Henry Halleck to the position of general-in-chief of the Union Army in 1862.

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Today in history, Troops from Egypt and Morocco arrive in Saudi Arabia as part of the international operation to prevent Iraq from invading in 1990.

Today in historyNATO assumes command of the international peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, its first major operation outside Europe in 2003.


Today in history, Gold is discovered near Dawson City, Yukon Territory, Canada. After word reaches the United States in June of 1897, thousands of Americans head to the Klondike to seek their fortunes in 1896.

Today in historyHenry Ford‘s first Model T rolls off the assembly line in 1908.

Today in history, Computer giant IBM introduces its first personal computer (see picture below) in 1981.

Today in history 2/27/2020


Today in history, Theodosius effectively founds a university (see picture below) in Constantinople in 425.


Today in history, German Protestants form the League of Schmalkalden to resist the power of the emperor in 1531.

Today in history, The first Mardi-Gras celebration is held in New Orleans in 1827.

Today in history, The Japanese push the Russians back in Manchuria and cross the Sha River in 1905.

Today in history, The forty-sixth star is added to the U.S. flag, signifying Oklahoma’s admission to statehood in 1908.

Today in history, Glacier Bay National Monument is dedicated in Alaska in 1925.

Today in history, The Supreme Court outlaws sit-down strikes in 1939.

Today in history, The U.S. Supreme Court rules that a Virginia pool club can’t bar customers because of color in 1973.

Today in history, Debi Thomas (see picture below) becomes the first African-American to win a medal at the Winter Olympics in 1988.


Today in history, Coalition forces liberate Kuwait after seven months of occupation by the Iraqi army in 1991.

Today in history 2/24/2020


Today in history, Pepin the Short of Gaul dies. His dominions are divided between his sons Charles (Charlemagne) and Carloman in 786.

Today in history, In the first of the Franco-Habsburg Wars, the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V captures the French king Francis I at the Battle of Pavia, Italy in 1525.

Today in history, Chief Justice John Marshall, by refusing to rule on the case of Marbury vs. Madison, asserts the authority of the judicial branch in 1803.

Today in history, Mexico gains independence from Spain in 1821.

Today in history, Some 3,000 Mexicans launch an assault on the Alamo and its 182 Texan defenders in 1836

Today in history, A film version of Jules Verne’s 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea opens in New York in 1916.

Today in history, The New Gallery of New York exhibits works of Archibald Motley Jr., its first show to feature a black artist in 1928.

Today in history, General Norman Schwarzkopf, commander of the coalition army, sends in ground forces during the Gulf War in 1991.

Today in history 2/23/2020


Today in history, Spanish explorer Francisco Vasquez de Coronado begins his unsuccessful search for the fabled Seven Cities of Gold in the American Southwest in 1540.

Today in history, The 5th War of Religion breaks out in France in 1574.

Today in history, The Liberty Bell tolls for the last time, to mark George Washington’s birthday in 1846.

Today in history, Forces led by Zachary Taylor defeat the Mexicans at the Battle of Buena Vista in 1847.

Today in history, Writer Emile Zola is imprisoned in France for his letter J’accuse in which he accuses the French government of anti-semitism and the wrongful imprisonment of army captain Alfred Dreyfus in 1898.

Today in history, U.S. Marines plant an American flag atop Mount Suribachi on Iwo Jima in 1945.

Today in history, New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art exhibits a collection of Hapsburg art; the first showing of this collection in the United States in 1950.

Today in history, Whites join Black students in a sit-in at a Winston-Salem, N.C. Woolworth store in 1960.

Today in history, French forces unofficially start the Persian Gulf ground war by crossing the Saudi-Iraqi border in 1991.