Today in history 2/27/2020

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Today in history, Theodosius effectively founds a university (see picture below) in Constantinople in 425.

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Today in history, German Protestants form the League of Schmalkalden to resist the power of the emperor in 1531.

Today in history, The first Mardi-Gras celebration is held in New Orleans in 1827.

Today in history, The Japanese push the Russians back in Manchuria and cross the Sha River in 1905.

Today in history, The forty-sixth star is added to the U.S. flag, signifying Oklahoma’s admission to statehood in 1908.

Today in history, Glacier Bay National Monument is dedicated in Alaska in 1925.

Today in history, The Supreme Court outlaws sit-down strikes in 1939.

Today in history, The U.S. Supreme Court rules that a Virginia pool club can’t bar customers because of color in 1973.

Today in history, Debi Thomas (see picture below) becomes the first African-American to win a medal at the Winter Olympics in 1988.

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Today in history, Coalition forces liberate Kuwait after seven months of occupation by the Iraqi army in 1991.

Today in history 2/24/2020

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Today in history, Pepin the Short of Gaul dies. His dominions are divided between his sons Charles (Charlemagne) and Carloman in 786.

Today in history, In the first of the Franco-Habsburg Wars, the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V captures the French king Francis I at the Battle of Pavia, Italy in 1525.

Today in history, Chief Justice John Marshall, by refusing to rule on the case of Marbury vs. Madison, asserts the authority of the judicial branch in 1803.

Today in history, Mexico gains independence from Spain in 1821.

Today in history, Some 3,000 Mexicans launch an assault on the Alamo and its 182 Texan defenders in 1836

Today in history, A film version of Jules Verne’s 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea opens in New York in 1916.

Today in history, The New Gallery of New York exhibits works of Archibald Motley Jr., its first show to feature a black artist in 1928.

Today in history, General Norman Schwarzkopf, commander of the coalition army, sends in ground forces during the Gulf War in 1991.

Today in history 2/23/2020

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Today in history, Spanish explorer Francisco Vasquez de Coronado begins his unsuccessful search for the fabled Seven Cities of Gold in the American Southwest in 1540.

Today in history, The 5th War of Religion breaks out in France in 1574.

Today in history, The Liberty Bell tolls for the last time, to mark George Washington’s birthday in 1846.

Today in history, Forces led by Zachary Taylor defeat the Mexicans at the Battle of Buena Vista in 1847.

Today in history, Writer Emile Zola is imprisoned in France for his letter J’accuse in which he accuses the French government of anti-semitism and the wrongful imprisonment of army captain Alfred Dreyfus in 1898.

Today in history, U.S. Marines plant an American flag atop Mount Suribachi on Iwo Jima in 1945.

Today in history, New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art exhibits a collection of Hapsburg art; the first showing of this collection in the United States in 1950.

Today in history, Whites join Black students in a sit-in at a Winston-Salem, N.C. Woolworth store in 1960.

Today in history, French forces unofficially start the Persian Gulf ground war by crossing the Saudi-Iraqi border in 1991.

Today in history 1/29/2020

Today in history, Jane Austin publishes Pride and Prejudice in 1813.

Today in history, Kansas is admitted into the Union as the 34th state in 1861.

Today in history, Violette Neatley Anderson becomes the first African-American woman admitted to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court in 1926.

Today in history, The Seeing Eye, America’s first school for training dogs to guide the blind, founded in Nashville, Tennessee in 1929.

Today in history, German and Italian troops take Benghazi in North Africa in 1942.

Today in history, The world’s greatest warship, Missouri, is launched in 1944.

Today in history, President Jimmy Carter commutes the sentence of Patty Hearst in 1979.

Today in history, Iraqi forces attack into Saudi Arabian town of Kafji, but are turned back by Coalition forces in 1991.

Today in history 1/16/2020

Today in history, Ivan IV crowns himself the new Czar of Russia in Assumption Cathedral in Moscow in 1547.

Today in history, The Council of Virginia guarantees religious freedom in 1786.

Today in history, John C. Fremont, the famed “Pathfinder” of Western exploration, is appointed governor of California in 1847.

Today in history, General William T. Sherman begins a march through the Carolinas in 1865.

Today in history, One of Ernest Shackleton‘s polar exploration teams reaches the Magnetic South Pole in 1909.

Today in history, Maxim Gorky is authorized to return to Russia after an eight year exile for political dissidence in 1914.

Today in history, Franklin D. Roosevelt asks for an extension of the Social Security Act to include more women and children in 1939.

Today in history, Eisenhower assumes supreme command of the Allied Expeditionary Force in Europe in 1944.

Today in history, The U.S. First and Third armies link up at Houffalize, effectively ending the Battle of the Bulge in 1945.

Today in history, The Egyptian government makes Islam the state religion in 1956.

Today in history, Eighteen are arrested in Mississippi for the murder of three civil rights workers in 1965.

Today in history, The Persian Gulf War begins. The massive U.S.-led offensive against Iraq — Operation Desert Storm — ends on February 28, 1991, when President George Bush declares a cease-fire, and Iraq pledges to honor future coalition and U.N. peace terms.