Today in history 5/20/2020

WordleCh1-50Today in history, The Ecumenical council is inaugurated by Emperor Constantine in Nicea in 325.

Today in history, Cola di Rienzo (see picture below) takes the title of tribune in Rome in 1347.

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Today in history, John Sobieski  (see picture below) becomes Poland’s first king in 1674.

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Today in history, Parliament passes the Coercive Acts to punish the colonists for their increasingly anti-British behavior. The acts close the port of Boston in 1774.

Today in history, President Abraham Lincoln signs the Homestead Act, providing 250 million acres of free land to settlers in the West in 1862.

Today in history, Levi Strauss (see picture below) begins marketing blue jeans with copper rivets in 1874.

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Today in history, Amelia Earhart  (see picture below) lands near Londonderry, Ireland, to become the first woman fly solo across the Atlantic in 1932.

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Today in history, The Battle of Hamburger Hill, which has pitted U.S. and South Vietnamese troops against North Vietnamese forces, ends after 11 days of fighting. Despite bad weather and heavy enemy fortifications, U.S. troops succeed in taking the steeply sloped hill but will abandon it 15 days later—a move that will be controversial both within the U.S. military and with the American public in 1969.

Today in history 4/27/2020

WordleCh1-50Today in history, Edward I defeats the Scots at the Battle of Dunbar in 1296.

Today in history, Pope Julius II excommunicates the Italian state of Venice in 1509.

Today in history, The first Spanish settlement in Philippines is established in Cebu City in 1565.

Today in history, British Parliament passes the Tea Act in 1773.

Today in history, American forces capture York (present-day Toronto), the seat of government in Ontario in 1813.

Today in history, President Abraham Lincoln (see picture below) suspends the writ of habeas corpus in 1861.

Today in history, The Sultan of Turkey, Abdul Hamid II, is overthrown in 1909.

Today in history, The United Kingdom grants Sierra Leone independence in 1961.

Today in history, The Afghanistan revolution begins in 1978.

Today in history, Protesting students take over Tiananmen Square (see picture below) in Beijing, China in 1989.

Today in history 1/27/2020

Today in history, Mustafa II becomes the Ottoman sultan in Istanbul on the death of Amhed II in 1695.

Today in history, Congress approves Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the “Trail of Tears” in 1825.

Today in history, President Abraham Lincoln issues General War Order No. 1, setting in motion the Union armies in 1862.

Today in history,  Foreign diplomats in Peking fear revolt and demand that the Imperial Government discipline the Boxer Rebels in 1900.

Today in history, Russian General Kuropatkin takes the offensive in Manchuria. The Japanese under General Oyama suffer heavy casualties in 1905.

Today in history, Communists attempt to seize power in Finland in 1918.

Today in history, Lenin’s body is laid in a marble tomb on Red Square near the Kremlin in 1924.

Today in history, The United States and Great Britain begin high-level military talks in Washington in 1941.

Today in history, NASA selects 110 candidates for the first U.S. space flight in 1959.

Today in history, A cease fire in Vietnam is called as the Paris peace accords are signed by the United States and North Vietnam in 1973.

Today in history, Pope John Paul II says mass to one million in Venezuela in 1985.

Today in history 1/26/2020

Today in history, The Treaty of Karlowitz ends the war between Austria and the Turks in 1699.

Today in history, Guilio Alberoni is ordered out of Spain after his abortive attempt to restore his country’s empire in 1720.

Today in history, A fleet of ships carrying convicts from England lands at Sydney Cove in Australia. The day is since known as Australia’s national day in 1788.

Today in history, President Lincoln names General Joseph Hooker to replace Burnside as commander of the Army of the Potomac in 1863.

Today in history, Pinkerton agents, hunting Jesse James, kill his 18-year-old half-brother and seriously injure his mother with a bomb in 1875.

Today in history, General “Chinese” Gordon is killed on the palace steps in Khartoum by Sudanese Mahdists in Africa in 1885.

Today in history, Petrograd is renamed Leningrad in 1924.

Today in history, The first OSS (Office of Strategic Services) agent parachutes behind Japanese lines in Burma in 1943.

Today in history, Eighty-four people are arrested in a segregation protest in Atlanta in 1964.

Today in history, Condoleezza Rice is appointed to the post of secretary of state. The post makes her the highest ranking African-American woman ever to serve in a U.S. presidential cabinet in 2005.

Today in history 9/22/2017

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Today in history, Russian forces under Aleksandr Suvorov drive the Turkish army under Yusuf Pasha from the Rymnik River, upsetting the Turkish invasion of Russia in 1789.

Today in historyPresident Abraham Lincoln issues a proclamation calling for all slaves within the rebel states to be freed on January 1, a political move that helps keep the British from intervening on the side of the South in 1862.

Today in historyUnion General Philip Sheridan defeats Confederate General Jubal Early‘s troops at the Battle of Fisher’s Hill (see picture below) in Virginia in 1864.

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Today in history, The Cincinnati Red Stockings, the first professional baseball team, arrive in San Francisco after a rollicking, barnstorming tour of the West in 1869.

Today in history, Xavier University, the first African-American Catholic college, opens in New Orleans, Louisiana in 1915.

Today in history, Willie Mays (see picture below) of the San Francisco Giants becomes the first baseball player since Babe Ruth to hit 600 home runs in 1969.

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Today in history, Huntington Library makes the Dead Sea Scrolls available to the public for the first time in 1991.