Today in history, The United States authorizes the minting of the $10 Eagle, $5 half-Eagle & 2.50 quarter-Eagle gold coins as well as the silver dollar, dollar, quarter, dime & half-dime in 1792.
Today in history, The British navy defeats the Danish at the Battle of Copenhagen in 1801.
Today in history, Karl Harris perfects the process for the artificial synthesis of rubber in 1910.
Today in history, The U.S. Federal Reserve Board announces plans to divide the country into 12 districts in 1914.
Today in history, President Woodrow Wilson presents a declaration of war against Germany to Congress in 1917.
Today in history, Jeannette Pickering Rankin (see picture below) is sworn in as the first woman to serve in the U.S. House of Representatives in 1917.
Today in history, Virne “Jackie” Mitchell (see picture below) becomes the first woman to play for an all-male pro baseball team. In an exhibition game against the New York Yankees, she strikes out both Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig in 1931.
Today in history, Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King (see picture below) begins the first non-violent campaign in Birmingham, Alabama in 1963.
Today in history, Argentina invades the British-owned Falkland Islands in 1982.