Today in history 8/19/2017-8/20/2017

WordleCh1-50

8/19/2017:

Today in history, Five women are hanged in Salem, Massachusetts after being convicted of the crime of witchcraft. Fourteen more people are executed that year and 150 others are imprisoned in 1692.

Today in history, The USS Constitution (see picture below) earns the nickname “Old Ironsides” during the battle off Nova Scotia that saw her defeat the HMS Guerriere in 1812.

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Today in history, Edith Sampson (see picture below) becomes the first African-American representative to the United Nations in 1950.

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Today in history, The first balloon flight to exceed 100,000 feet takes off from Crosby, Minnesota in 1957.

8/20/2017:

Today in history, John Milton (see picture below) publishes Paradise Lost, an epic poem about the fall of Adam and Eve in 1667.

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Today in history, Dublin’s Abbey Theatre is founded, an outgrowth of the Irish Literary Theatre founded in 1899 by William Butler Yeats and Lady Gregory (see picture below) in 1904.

Image result for William Butler Yeats and Lady Gregor

Today in history, Radar is used for the first time, by the British during the Battle of Britain. Also on this day, in a radio broadcast, Winston Churchill makes his famous homage to the Royal Air Force: “Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few” in 1940.

Today in history, The USSR recovers 2 dogs, Belka and Strelka, the first animals to be launched into orbit and returned alive (Sputnik 5) in 1960.

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Today in history 8/10/2017

WordleCh1-508/10/2017:

Today in history, King Francis of France declares that all official documents are to be written in French, not Latin in 1539.

Today in history, Louis XVI of France is arrested and taken into custody as his Swiss Guards are massacred by a Parisian mob in an assault that will become known as the Storming of the Tuileries Palace. The insurrection will be one of the defining events in the history of the French Revolution in 1772.

Today in history, William Driver (see picture below) of Salem, Massachusetts, is the first to use the term “Old Glory” in connection with the American flag, when he gives that name to a large flag aboard his ship, the Charles Daggett in 1831.

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Today in history, The Smithsonian Institution is established in Washington through the bequest of James Smithson (see picture below) in 1846.

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Today in history, The House of Lords in Great Britain gives up its veto power, making the House of Commons the more powerful House in 1911.

Today in history, The National Military Establishment is renamed the Department of Defense in 1949.

Today in history, NASA launches Discoverer 13 (see picture below), a satellite; it would become the first object ever recovered from orbit in 1960.

Image result for Discoverer 13

Today in history, The last British troops leave Hong Kong. After 156 years of British rule, the island is returned to China in 1997.