Today in history, Chippewa, Delaware, Ottawa and Wyandot Indians sign the treaty of Fort McIntosh, ceding present-day Ohio to the United States in 1785.
Today in history, Joseph Guillotine proposes a new, more humane method of execution: a machine designed to cut off the condemned person’s head as painlessly as possible in 1790.
Today in history, The French King Louis XVI is guillotined for treason in 1793.
Today in history, Japan rejects the American proposal to neutralize ownership of the Manchurian Railway in 1910.
Today in history, J.D. Rockefeller pledges $1 million for the relief of Europe’s destitute in 1921.
Today in history, In North Africa, German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel launches a drive to push the British eastward. While the British benefited from radio-intercept-derived Ultra information, the Germans enjoyed an even speedier intelligence source in 1942.
Today in history, A Nazi daylight air raid kills 34 in a London school in 1943. When the anticipated invasion of Britain failed to materialize in 1940, Londoners relaxed, but soon they faced a frightening new threat.
Today in history, Communist troops force the UN army out of Inchon, Korea after a 12-hour attack in 1951.
Today in history, The Soviet Union calls for a ban on nuclear arms in Baghdad Pact countries in 1958.
Today in history, Leonid Brezhnev and Henry Kissinger meet to discuss Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT) in 1976.