Today in history 1/21/2020

Today in history, Philip Augustus, Henry II of England, and Frederick Barbarossa assemble the troops for the Third Crusade in 1189.

Today in history, In Maryland, the first woman lawyer in the colonies, Margaret Brent, is denied a vote in the Maryland Assembly in 1648.

Today in history, Chippewa, Delaware, Ottawa and Wyandot Indians sign the treaty of Fort McIntosh, ceding present-day Ohio to the United States in 1785.

Today in history, Joseph Guillotine proposes a new, more humane method of execution: a machine designed to cut off the condemned person’s head as painlessly as possible in 1790.

Today in history, The French King Louis XVI is guillotined for treason in 1793.

Today in history, Japan rejects the American proposal to neutralize ownership of the Manchurian Railway in 1910.

Today in history, J.D. Rockefeller pledges $1 million for the relief of Europe’s destitute in 1921.

Today in history, In North Africa, German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel launches a drive to push the British eastward. While the British benefited from radio-intercept-derived Ultra information, the Germans enjoyed an even speedier intelligence source in 1942.

Today in history, A Nazi daylight air raid kills 34 in a London school in 1943. When the anticipated invasion of Britain failed to materialize in 1940, Londoners relaxed, but soon they faced a frightening new threat.

Today in history, Communist troops force the UN army out of Inchon, Korea after a 12-hour attack in 1951.

Today in history, The Soviet Union calls for a ban on nuclear arms in Baghdad Pact countries in 1958.

Today in history, Leonid Brezhnev and Henry Kissinger meet to discuss Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT) in 1976.

Today in history 6/26/2017


Today in history, Peter the Hermit‘s crusaders force their way across Sava, Hungary in 1096.

Today in history, The Seljuk Turkish army in Asia Minor is wiped out by the Mongols in 1243.

Today in history, The Lewis and Clark Expedition reaches the mouth of the Kansas River after completing a westward trek of nearly 400 river miles in 1804.

Today in history, General Robert E. Lee attacks George McClellan‘s line at Mechanicsville during the Seven Days’ campaign in 1862.

Today in history, The United States announces it will send troops to fight against the Boxer Rebellion in China in 1900.

Today in historyGeneral Pershing (see picture below) arrives in France with the American Expeditionary Force in 1917.

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Today in history, The Germans begin firing their huge 420 mm howitzer, “Big Bertha” (see picture below), at Paris in 1918.

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Today in history, The Soviet Union proposes a cease-fire in the Korean War in 1951.

Today in historyPresident John Kennedy announces “Ich bin ein Berliner” at the Berlin Wall in 1963.

Today in history 6/24/2017


Today in history, Carthaginian forces led by Hannibal destroy a Roman army under consul Gaius Flaminius in a battle at Lake Trasimene in central Italy in 217 BC.

Today in history, Scottish forces, led by Robert the Bruce, win an overwhelming victory against English King Edward II at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314.

Today in history, Explorer John Cabot lands in North America in present-day Canada in 1497.

Today in historyMargaret Brent, (see picture below) demands a voice and a vote for herself in the Maryland colonial assembly in 1647.

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Today in historyBooker T. Washington (see picture below) becomes the first African American to receive an honorary MA degree from Harvard University in 1896.

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Today in history, The Soviet Union begins the Berlin Blockade, America responds with the Berlin Airlift in 1948.

Today in history, The Federal Trade Commission announces that, starting in 1965, cigarette makers must include warning labels about the harmful effects of smoking in 1964.

Today in history 5/15/2017


Today in history, Abd-al-Rahman is proclaimed emir of Cordoba, Spain in 756.

Today in history, King John submits to the Pope, offering to make England and Ireland papal fiefs. Pope Innocent III lifts the interdict of 1208 in 1213.

Today in history, English navigator Bartholomew Gosnold discovers Cape Cod in 1602.

Today in history, Johannes Kepler (see picture below) discovers his harmonics law in 1618.

Today in historyNapoleon enters the Lombardian capital of Milan in triumph in 1795.

Today in history, The U.S. Congress designates the slave trade a form of piracy in 1820.

Today in history, At the Battle of New Market, Virginia Military Institute cadets repel a Union attack in 1864.

Today in history, Pfc. Henry Johnson and Pfc. Needham Roberts (see picture below) receive the Croix de Guerre for their services in World War I. They are the first Americans to win France’s highest military medal in 1918.

Today in history, Ellen Church (see picture below) becomes the first airline stewardess in 1930.

Today in historySputnik III is launched by the Soviet Union in 1958.

Today in history, The last Project Mercury space flight, carrying Gordon Cooper, is launched in 1963.

Today in history 5/8/2017


Today in history, Jack Cade’s Rebellion–Kentishmen revolt against King Henry VI in 1450.

Today in history, Hernando de Soto (see picture below) discovers the Mississippi River which he calls Rio de Espiritu Santo in 1541.

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Today in history, The United States Post Office is established in 1794.

Today in history, Atlanta pharmacist John Pemberton (see picture below) invents Coca Cola in 1886.

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Today in history, China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of Shimonoseki in 1895.

Today in history, The first transatlantic flight by a navy seaplane takes-off in 1919.

Today in history, The Battle of the Coral Sea between the Japanese Navy and the U.S. Navy ends in 1942.

Today in history, The final surrender of German forces is celebrated as VE (Victory Europe) day in 1945,

Today in historyPresident Dwight Eisenhower orders the National Guard out of Little Rock as Ernest Green (see picture below) becomes the first black to graduate from an Arkansas public school in 1958.

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Today in history, The Soviet Union announces it will not participate in Summer Olympics planned for Los Angeles in 1984.